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 Starch, 2-hydroxyethyl ether
CAS  
:
 9005-27-0
SYNONYMS  
:
 * Essex 1360
* Essex gum 1360
* Ethylex gum 2020
* HAS
* HES
* Hespander
* Hespander injection
* Hydroxyathylstarke
* O-(Hydroxyethyl)starch
* 2-Hydroxyethyl starch
* O-(2-Hydroxyethyl)starch
* 2-Hydroxyethyl starch ether
* Penford 260
* Penford 280
* Penford 290
* Penford P 208
* Plasmasteril
* Starch hydroxyethyl ether
* Tapioca starch hydroxyethyl ether

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                     *** CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION ***

RTECS NUMBER            : WI0410000
CHEMICAL NAME           : Starch, 2-hydroxyethyl ether
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER     : 9005-27-0
LAST UPDATED            : 199806
DATA ITEMS CITED        : 19
COMPOUND DESCRIPTOR     : Drug
                          Reproductive Effector
SYNONYMS/TRADE NAMES :
   * Essex 1360
   * Essex gum 1360
   * Ethylex gum 2020
   * HAS
   * HES
   * Hespander
   * Hespander injection
   * Hydroxyathylstarke
   * O-(Hydroxyethyl)starch
   * 2-Hydroxyethyl starch
   * O-(2-Hydroxyethyl)starch
   * 2-Hydroxyethyl starch ether
   * Penford 260
   * Penford 280
   * Penford 290
   * Penford P 208
   * Plasmasteril
   * Starch hydroxyethyl ether
   * Tapioca starch hydroxyethyl ether
 
                       *** HEALTH HAZARD DATA ***
 
                        ** ACUTE TOXICITY DATA **
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : >50 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   YAKUD5 Gekkan Yakuji.  Pharmaceuticals Monthly.  (Yakugyo Jihosha, Inaoka
   Bldg., 2-36 Jinbo-cho, Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101, Japan)  V.1-   1959-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 16,431,1974
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : >300 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   YAKUD5 Gekkan Yakuji.  Pharmaceuticals Monthly.  (Yakugyo Jihosha, Inaoka
   Bldg., 2-36 Jinbo-cho, Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101, Japan)  V.1-   1959-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 16,431,1974
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : >18 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   OYYAA2 Oyo Yakuri.  Pharmacometrics.  (Oyo Yakuri Kenkyukai, CPO Box 180,
   Sendai 980-91, Japan) V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,1023,1972
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 8280 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   NIIRDN Drugs in Japan (Ethical Drugs).  (Yakugyo Jiho Co., Ltd., Tokyo,
   Japan)  Volume(issue)/page/year: -,1007,1995
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : >12 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   OYYAA2 Oyo Yakuri.  Pharmacometrics.  (Oyo Yakuri Kenkyukai, CPO Box 180,
   Sendai 980-91, Japan) V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,1023,1972
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : >300 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   YAKUD5 Gekkan Yakuji.  Pharmaceuticals Monthly.  (Yakugyo Jihosha, Inaoka
   Bldg., 2-36 Jinbo-cho, Kanda, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101, Japan)  V.1-   1959-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 16,431,1974
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : >18 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   OYYAA2 Oyo Yakuri.  Pharmacometrics.  (Oyo Yakuri Kenkyukai, CPO Box 180,
   Sendai 980-91, Japan) V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,1023,1972
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : 20300 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Behavioral - changes in motor activity (specific assay)
REFERENCE :
   OYYAA2 Oyo Yakuri.  Pharmacometrics.  (Oyo Yakuri Kenkyukai, CPO Box 180,
   Sendai 980-91, Japan) V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,1023,1972
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION           : 8460 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   NIIRDN Drugs in Japan (Ethical Drugs).  (Yakugyo Jiho Co., Ltd., Tokyo,
   Japan)  Volume(issue)/page/year: -,1007,1995
 
                 ** OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE TOXICITY DATA **
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION           : 1800 mL/kg/30D-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Cardiac - changes in heart weight
   Liver - changes in liver weight
   Endocrine - changes in spleen weight
REFERENCE :
   OYYAA2 Oyo Yakuri.  Pharmacometrics.  (Oyo Yakuri Kenkyukai, CPO Box 180,
   Sendai 980-91, Japan) V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,1089,1972
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION           : 1170 mL/kg/13W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Liver - changes in liver weight
   Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in bladder weight
   Related to Chronic Data - death
REFERENCE :
   OYYAA2 Oyo Yakuri.  Pharmacometrics.  (Oyo Yakuri Kenkyukai, CPO Box 180,
   Sendai 980-91, Japan) V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,1103,1972
 
                          ** REPRODUCTIVE DATA **
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE                    : 300 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 16-21 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Fertility - abortion
REFERENCE :
   ANATAE Anaesthesist.  (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberger Pl. 3, D-1000 Berlin
   33, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.1-    1952-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 24,244,1975
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE                    : 675 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 8-16 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - extra-embryonic structures
   (e.g., placenta, umbilical cord)
   Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
REFERENCE :
   OYYAA2 Oyo Yakuri.  Pharmacometrics.  (Oyo Yakuri Kenkyukai, CPO Box 180,
   Sendai 980-91, Japan) V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,1119,1972
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE                    : 420 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 7-13 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - growth statistics (e.g.%, reduced weight
   gain)
REFERENCE :
   OYYAA2 Oyo Yakuri.  Pharmacometrics.  (Oyo Yakuri Kenkyukai, CPO Box 180,
   Sendai 980-91, Japan) V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,1119,1972
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rabbit
DOSE                    : 200 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 8-17 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death,
   e.g., stunted fetus)
REFERENCE :
   KSRNAM Kiso to Rinsho.  Clinical Report.  (Yubunsha Co., Ltd., 1-5, Kanda
   Suda-Cho, Chiyoda-ku, KS Bldg., Tokyo 101, Japan)  V.1-    1960-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,121,1972
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rabbit
DOSE                    : 100 gm/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 8-17 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Specific Developmental Abnormalities - musculoskeletal system
REFERENCE :
   KSRNAM Kiso to Rinsho.  Clinical Report.  (Yubunsha Co., Ltd., 1-5, Kanda
   Suda-Cho, Chiyoda-ku, KS Bldg., Tokyo 101, Japan)  V.1-    1960-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 6,121,1972

         *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA ***

NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA :
   NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974)
     NOHS Hazard Code - M2691
       No. of Facilities: 131 (estimated)
       No. of Industries: 5
       No. of Occupations: 11
       No. of Employees: 3716 (estimated)
   
   NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983)
     NOES Hazard Code - X7988
       No. of Facilities: 582 (estimated)
       No. of Industries: 13
       No. of Occupations: 26
       No. of Employees: 30655 (estimated)
       No. of Female Employees: 9661 (estimated)

                          *** STATUS IN U.S. ***
 
   EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY

 
                            *** END OF RECORD ***
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