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File Name: msds_kpgraphics_com---treatment_and_disposal_of_ctp_plate_dev_060407.asp
                   Treatment and Disposal of CTP Plate Developers

This document provides information on disposal of Kodak鈥檚 Graphic Communications Group (Kodak GCG)
CTP and positive printing plate effluents.

Regulatory Issue Summary

鈥? The disposal of printing plate effluents is regulated by environmental regulations under the Clean
Water Act (CWA) and the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).

鈥? According to federal RCRA waste management regulations, permits may be required to treat waste
and regulations vary among states.

鈥? Sewer use laws may limit or prohibit discharges of CTP and Positive plate developers on a local level.

鈥? Local municipal governments own and regulate the wastewater collection and treatment system,
including all the pipes. To protect these systems, municipalities regulate industrial discharges via the
municipal sewer ordinance.

To find your local sewer discharge limits go to http://www.pmairegs.com/sewer/.

Treatment and Disposal Options

CTP plate developers (except Negative Plate Developer 956 and 980 Plate Developer) typically have high
pHs. The wastes of these developers, including processor overflows, must be managed accordingly. In
some products, the pH of the wastes is at or above the RCRA definition of a hazardous waste, pH 12.5 or
greater.

Note: While pH is typically the only parameter of concern in the CTP developer effluent, municipal
wastewater authorities regulate other parameters found in these effluents.

These waste streams can be handled in one of four ways:

Discharge directly to the sanitary sewer system.
1.

Waste streams that have a pH at or above 12.5 may meet the RCRA exclusion documented in 40
CFR 261.4 (a)(2). This discharge can only be done with the notification and permission of the
receiving Sewerage Authority. An industrial wastewater permit is required allowing the discharge.




Eastman Kodak Company Graphic Communications Group Health, Safety & Environment
EnviroServices Hotline: +1.877.574.7274 (US and Canada) or +1.770.232.2133 (Int鈥檒) Email: PEP@kodak.com

Publisher: Pradip Gopal Author: Pradip Gopal Publication #: 15 Date: 06/04/07 1
Treatment and Disposal of CTP Plate Developer

2. In-line elementary neutralization.

Equipment is available to neutralize the wastes as they exit the processor, including batch
discharges. For information on the Automatic Neutralization System (ANS), call the
EnviroServices Hotline at 1-877-574-7274. Refer to the Elementary Neutralization Reference Chart
for state specific acceptability regarding RCRA waste management permitting and confirm with
your state to ensure the regulations have not changed. Additional permitting may be required;
check with your receiving Sewerage Authority.

3. Off-line elementary neutralization.

The overflows and batch discharges are collected separately and then neutralized before release
into the sanitary sewer. Refer to the Elementary Neutralization Reference Chart for state specific
acceptability regarding RCRA waste management permitting and confirm with your state to ensure
the regulations have not changed. Additional permitting may be required; check with your
receiving Sewerage Authority.

4. Collection and Haul Away Service.

If none of the above options are acceptable, collection and haul away is necessary. Wastes with a
pH at or above 12.5 must be managed as hazardous waste. A corporate discount is available with
Safety-Kleen for Kodak customers. Contact the EnviroServices Hotline at 1-877-574-7274 or email
PEP@kodak.com for set-up.


Helpful Information:
For info on common misconceptions in the printing business:
http://www.metafix.com/products/graphicarts/EPA-OSHA-CommonMisconceptions.html
Clean Water Act:
http://www.epa.gov/region5/water/cwa.htm
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act:
http://www.epa.gov/epaoswer/general/orientat/
State Environmental Agencies:
http://www.epa.gov/epahome/state.htm
Info on Neutralization Units:
http://www.metafix.com/products/graphicarts/productsGA.html
http://www.cpacimaging.com/silvrecneutral.asp




Eastman Kodak Company Graphic Communications Group Health, Safety & Environment
EnviroServices Hotline: +1.877.574.7274 (US and Canada) or +1.770.232.2133 (Int鈥檒) Email: PEP@kodak.com

Publisher: Pradip Gopal Author: Pradip Gopal Publication #: 15 Date: 06/04/07 2
Treatment and Disposal of CTP Plate Developer

State Specific Applicability for Neutralization of a RCRA Corrosive Hazardous Waste*

Determine your specific state and local regulatory requirements regarding elementary neutralization of a
hazardous waste prior to disposal. See the list of states below for initial reference.

NOTE: Some states require special permits, as well as additional record keeping and reporting
requirements for elementary neutralization of a hazardous waste.


States that follow U.S. EPA Federal Regulations, allowing elementary neutralization:

Alabama Hawaii Kansas New Mexico Tennessee

Alaska Idaho Kentucky North Carolina Texas

Arizona Illinois Louisiana North Dakota Vermont

Arkansas Indiana Maryland Ohio Virginia

Connecticut Iowa Michigan Oklahoma West Virginia

Colorado Florida Mississippi Oregon Wyoming

Delaware Georgia Nebraska South Dakota


States that DO NOT follow U.S. EPA Federal Regulations for elementary neutralization. Elementary
neutralization may not be allowed; may require permits:

California Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Washington

Maine Minnesota New Jersey Utah Wisconsin


States that allow elementary neutralization but have additional requirements, i.e. reporting and
recordkeeping requirements:

Missouri New York Pennsylvania South Carolina



* Please note that that these regulations are subject to change and you should always check with
your state to determine the current status of the elementary neutralization regulations before
treating your waste.




Eastman Kodak Company Graphic Communications Group Health, Safety & Environment
EnviroServices Hotline: +1.877.574.7274 (US and Canada) or +1.770.232.2133 (Int鈥檒) Email: PEP@kodak.com

Publisher: Pradip Gopal Author: Pradip Gopal Publication #: 15 Date: 06/04/07 3
Treatment and Disposal of CTP Plate Developer


More Information

This service is part of Kodak鈥檚 Printer鈥檚 EnviroServices Program (PEP). Helping customers with
environmental concerns and compliance is a major commitment of Kodak. PEP consists of a
comprehensive range of environmental and safety products and services specially designed to allow
Kodak鈥檚 GCG customers to meet their environmental, safety, and health objectives in a cost-effective
manner. For more information, please contact the Kodak EnviroServices Hotline at (877) 574-7274 or
PEP@kodak.com.




Disclaimer of Warranties and Limitation of Liability
Some services to be provided under this offer are to be performed solely by independent vendors from whom Kodak鈥檚 Graphic Communications
Group does not receive fees. There are no warranties, express or implied, in connection with the provision of this service, including but not limited
to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The user shall determine the suitability of these services for the
intended use, and the user assumes all risk and liability if these services are not fit for the particular purpose intended. Kodak shall not have any
obligation or liability to any user or other third party arising out of any services performed by an independent vendor, pursuant to this offer. The
user shall indemnify, defend and hold Kodak harmless from and against any and all claims, costs and liabilities arising directly or indirectly from the
user's use of these services. The services offered in this brochure are subject to change and/or discontinuance without notice.


漏 Kodak. 2007. Kodak is a trademark of Kodak
Eastman Kodak Company Graphic Communications Group Health, Safety & Environment
EnviroServices Hotline: +1.877.574.7274 (US and Canada) or +1.770.232.2133 (Int鈥檒) Email: PEP@kodak.com

Publisher: Pradip Gopal Author: Pradip Gopal Publication #: 15 Date: 06/04/07 4

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