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MSDS  
:
 Nickel sulfide (32)
CAS  
:
 12035-72-2
SYNONYMS  
:
 * Nickel sesquisulfide
* Nickel subsulfide
* Nickel subsulphide
* alpha-Nickel sulfide (3:2) crystalline
* Nickel sulphide
* Nickel tritadisulphide
* Trinickel disulphide

                     *** CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION ***

RTECS NUMBER            : QR9800000
CHEMICAL NAME           : Nickel sulfide (3:2)
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER     : 12035-72-2
LAST UPDATED            : 199712
DATA ITEMS CITED        : 93
MOLECULAR FORMULA       : Ni3-S2
MOLECULAR WEIGHT        : 240.25
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :  NI3 S2
COMPOUND DESCRIPTOR     : Tumorigen
                          Mutagen
                          Reproductive Effector
SYNONYMS/TRADE NAMES :
   * Nickel sesquisulfide
   * Nickel subsulfide
   * Nickel subsulphide
   * alpha-Nickel sulfide (3:2) crystalline
   * Nickel sulphide
   * Nickel tritadisulphide
   * Trinickel disulphide
 
                       *** HEALTH HAZARD DATA ***
 
                        ** ACUTE TOXICITY DATA **
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : >5 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   SchF## Personal Communication from F.W. Schaller, Inco Ltd., Park 80 West
   Plaza Two, Saddle Brook, NJ 07662, May 16, 1986  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   16MAY1986
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intratracheal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : 4 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
   ENVRAL Environmental Research.  (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St.,
   Duluth, MN 55802) V.1-    1967-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 40,313,1986
 
TYPE OF TEST            : LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION           : 102 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Peripheral Nerve and Sensation - flaccid paralysis without anesthesia
   (usually neuromuscular blockage)
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - dyspnea
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes
REFERENCE :
   JOHYAY Journal of Hygiene.  (Cambridge Univ. Press, 32 E. 57th St., New
   York, NY 10022) V.1-    1901-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 8,565,1908
 
                 ** OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE TOXICITY DATA **
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 14732 ug/m3/6H/12D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise
   specified
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - changes in lung weight
   Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
REFERENCE :
   TXCYAC Toxicology.  (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland, Ltd., POB 85,
   Limerick, Ireland) V.1-    1973-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 50,145,1988
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 1800 ug/m3/6H/13W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - changes in lung weight
   Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise
   specified
   Nutritional and Gross Metabolic - weight loss or decreased weight gain
REFERENCE :
   FAATDF Fundamental and Applied Toxicology.  (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E.
   First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1-    1981-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   12,584,1989
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : 29872 ug/m3/6H/12D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise
   specified
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - changes in lung weight
   Related to Chronic Data - death
REFERENCE :
   TXCYAC Toxicology.  (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland, Ltd., POB 85,
   Limerick, Ireland) V.1-    1973-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 50,145,1988
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : 1800 ug/m3/6H/13W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Sense Organs and Special Senses (Olfaction) - effect, not otherwise
   specified
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - changes in lung weight
REFERENCE :
   FAATDF Fundamental and Applied Toxicology.  (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E.
   First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1-    1981-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   12,584,1989
 
                          ** TUMORIGENIC DATA **
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 1 mg/m3/6H/2Y-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - tumors
   Endocrine - tumors
REFERENCE :
   NTPTR* National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series.  (Research
   Triangle Park, NC 27709) No.206-  Volume(issue)/page/year: NTP-TR-453,1996
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 970 ug/m3/6H/76W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - tumors
REFERENCE :
   JNCIAM Journal of the National Cancer Institute.  (Washington, DC)  V.1-60,
   1940-78.  For publisher information, see JJIND8.  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   54,1165,1975
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 25 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   JJCREP Japanese Journal of Cancer Research. (Elsevier Science Pub. BV, POB
   211, 1000 AE Amsterdam, Netherlands)  V.76-    1985-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 79,212,1988
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 10 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - tumors
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   FEPRA7 Federation Proceedings, Federation of American Societies for
   Experimental Biology. (Bethesda, MD)  V.1-46, 1942-87.
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 39,330,1980
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 115 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - tumors
   Musculoskeletal - tumors
REFERENCE :
   CRNGDP Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House,
   Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK)  V.1-    1980-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 4,275,1983
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intrapleural
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 40 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - tumors
REFERENCE :
   55DXAE "Progress in Nickel Toxicology, Proceedings of the International
   Conference on Nickel Metabolism and Toxicology, 3rd, 1984," Brown, S.S., and
   F.W. Sunderman, Jr., eds., Oxford, UK, Blackwell Scientific Pub. Ltd., 1985 
   Volume(issue)/page/year: -,37,1985
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Ocular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 2500 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - tumors
REFERENCE :
   NTIS** National Technical Information Service.  (Springfield, VA 22161)
   Formerly U.S. Clearinghouse for Scientific & Technical Information.
   Volume(issue)/page/year: DOE/EV/03140-5
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Parenteral
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 40 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Reproductive - Tumorigenic effects - testicular tumors
REFERENCE :
   CNREA8 Cancer Research. (Public Ledger Building, Suit 816, 6th & Chestnut
   Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19106)  V.1-    1941-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   38,268,1978
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 40 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   ACLSCP Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science.  (1833 Delancey Pl.,
   Philadelphia, PA 19103) V.1-    1971-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 18,353,1988
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intratesticular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 5 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
   Reproductive - Tumorigenic effects - testicular tumors
REFERENCE :
   PAACA3 Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research. (Waverly
   Press, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202)  V.1-    1954-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 18,52,1977
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intrarenal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 25 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - Kidney tumors
REFERENCE :
   LAINAW Laboratory Investigation.  (Williams & Wilkins Co., 428 E. Preston
   St., Baltimore, MD 21202) V.1-    1952-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 35,71,1976
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION           : 200 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   CNREA8 Cancer Research. (Public Ledger Building, Suit 816, 6th & Chestnut
   Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19106)  V.1-    1941-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   22,158,1962
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Implant
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION           : 27 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
   Musculoskeletal - tumors
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   EJCBDN European Journal of Cell Biology.  (Wissenschaftliche
   Verlagsgesellschaft, Postfach 40, D-7000, Stuttgart l, Fed. Rep. Ger.) V.19-
      1979-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 19,276,1979
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - hamster
DOSE/DURATION           : 80 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Musculoskeletal - tumors
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   AEMBAP Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology.  (Plenum Pub. Corp.,
   233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013)  V.1-    1967- Volume(issue)/page/year:
   91,57,1978
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Multiple routes
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - hamster
DOSE/DURATION           : 272 gm/kg/18W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - neoplastic by RTECS criteria
   Skin and Appendages - tumors
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   AEMBAP Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology.  (Plenum Pub. Corp.,
   233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013)  V.1-    1967- Volume(issue)/page/year:
   91,57,1978
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 229 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Musculoskeletal - tumors
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   IAPUDO IARC Publications.  (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave.,
   Albany, NY 12210) No.27-    1979-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 53,127,1984
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Ocular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 10 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Sense Organs and Special Senses (Eye) - tumors
REFERENCE :
   IOVSDA Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science.  (Lippincott/Harper,
   Journal Fulfillment Dept., 2350 Virginia Ave., Hagerstown, MD 21740)  V.16-
   1977-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 22,768,1982
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 10 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - tumors
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   CRNGDP Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House,
   Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK)  V.1-    1980-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 4,461,1983
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 970 ug/m3/6H/76W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - tumors
REFERENCE :
   JNCIAM Journal of the National Cancer Institute.  (Washington, DC)  V.1-60,
   1940-78.  For publisher information, see JJIND8.  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   54,1165,1975
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - hamster
DOSE/DURATION           : 40 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - neoplastic by RTECS criteria
   Musculoskeletal - tumors
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   AEMBAP Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology.  (Plenum Pub. Corp.,
   233 Spring St., New York, NY 10013)  V.1-    1967- Volume(issue)/page/year:
   91,57,1978
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intrarenal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 23 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - neoplastic by RTECS criteria
   Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - Kidney tumors
REFERENCE :
   JEPTDQ Journal of Environmental Pathology and Toxicology.  (Park Forest
   South, IL)  V.1-5(3), 1977-81(?).  For publisher information, see JEPOEC.
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 2(6),1511,1979
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intrarenal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 45 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - Kidney tumors
REFERENCE :
   JEPTDQ Journal of Environmental Pathology and Toxicology.  (Park Forest
   South, IL)  V.1-5(3), 1977-81(?).  For publisher information, see JEPOEC.
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 2(6),1511,1979
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 100 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - tumors
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   CRNGDP Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House,
   Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK)  V.1-    1980-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 8,1005,1987
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intratesticular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 40 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria
   Reproductive - Tumorigenic effects - testicular tumors
REFERENCE :
   PAACA3 Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research. (Waverly
   Press, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202)  V.1-    1954-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 18,52,1977
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TD - Toxic dose (other than lowest)
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION           : 4800 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria
   Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - tumors
   Tumorigenic - tumors at site of application
REFERENCE :
   CRNGDP Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House,
   Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK)  V.1-    1980-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 4,461,1983
 
                          ** REPRODUCTIVE DATA **
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intramuscular
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE                    : 80 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 6 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Fertility - litter size (e.g. # fetuses per litter; measured
   before birth)
   Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetal death
REFERENCE :
   TXAPA9 Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology.  (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E.
   First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1-    1959-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   43,381,1978
 
TYPE OF TEST            : TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE       : Intrarenal
SPECIES OBSERVED        : Rodent - rat
DOSE                    : 50 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION            : female 1 day(s) pre-mating
TOXIC EFFECTS :
   Reproductive - Effects on Newborn - growth statistics (e.g.%, reduced weight
   gain)
REFERENCE :
   50WKA3 "Reproduction and Developmental Toxicity of Metals, Proceedings of a
   Joint Meeting, Rochester, 1982," Clarkson, T.W., et al., eds., New York,
   Plenum Pub. Corp., 1983  Volume(issue)/page/year: -,399,1983
 
                            ** MUTATION DATA **
 
TYPE OF TEST            : Dominant lethal test
TEST SYSTEM             : Microorganism - not otherwise specified
DOSE/DURATION           : 5 mg/L
REFERENCE :
   ENMUDM Environmental Mutagenesis.  (New York, NY)  V.1-9, 1979-87.  For
   publisher information, see EMMUEG.  Volume(issue)/page/year: 8,621,1986
 
TYPE OF TEST            : Morphological transformation
TEST SYSTEM             : Human Fibroblast
DOSE/DURATION           : 10 umol/L
REFERENCE :
   CNREA8 Cancer Research. (Public Ledger Building, Suit 816, 6th & Chestnut
   Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19106)  V.1-    1941-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   47,3815,1987
 
TYPE OF TEST            : Sister chromatid exchange
TEST SYSTEM             : Human Lymphocyte
DOSE/DURATION           : 1 mg/L
REFERENCE :
   CNREA8 Cancer Research. (Public Ledger Building, Suit 816, 6th & Chestnut
   Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19106)  V.1-    1941-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   41,4136,1981
 
TYPE OF TEST            : Morphological transformation
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - rat Cells - not otherwise specified
DOSE/DURATION           : 1 mg/L
REFERENCE :
   MUREAV Mutation Research.  (Elsevier Science Pub. B.V., POB 211, 1000 AE
   Amsterdam, Netherlands) V.1-    1964-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 300,179,1993
 
TYPE OF TEST            : DNA damage
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - rat Liver
DOSE/DURATION           : 3 mmol/L
REFERENCE :
   SinJF# Personal Communication from J.F. Sina, Merck Institute for
   Therapeutic Research, West Point, PA 19486, Oct. 26, 1982
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 26OCT1982
 
TYPE OF TEST            : Morphological transformation
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - mouse Embryo
DOSE/DURATION           : 1 ug/L
REFERENCE :
   CNREA8 Cancer Research. (Public Ledger Building, Suit 816, 6th & Chestnut
   Sts., Philadelphia, PA 19106)  V.1-    1941-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   41,4136,1981
 
TYPE OF TEST            : Morphological transformation
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - hamster Kidney
DOSE/DURATION           : 10 mg/L
REFERENCE :
   TECSDY Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry.  (Gordon & Breach Science
   Pub. Inc., 1 Park Ave., New York, NY 10016)  V.3(3/4)-    1981-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 12,185,1986
 
TYPE OF TEST            : Morphological transformation
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - hamster Embryo
DOSE/DURATION           : 5 umol/plate
REFERENCE :
   TOXID9 Toxicologist.  (Soc. of Toxicology, Inc., 475 Wolf Ledge Parkway,
   Akron, OH 44311) V.1-    1981-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 1,132,1981
 
TYPE OF TEST            : DNA damage
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - hamster Ovary
DOSE/DURATION           : 10 mg/L
REFERENCE :
   CRNGDP Carcinogenesis (London). (Oxford Univ. Press, Pinkhill House,
   Southfield Road, Eynsham, Oxford OX8 1JJ, UK)  V.1-    1980-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,657,1982
 
TYPE OF TEST            : Unscheduled DNA synthesis
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - hamster Embryo
DOSE/DURATION           : 10 mg/L
REFERENCE :
   CALEDQ Cancer Letters (Shannon, Ireland).  (Elsevier Scientific Pub. Ireland
   Ltd., POB 85, Limerick, Ireland)  V.1-    1975- Volume(issue)/page/year:
   17,273,1983
 
TYPE OF TEST            : Cytogenetic analysis
TEST SYSTEM             : Rodent - hamster Ovary
DOSE/DURATION           : 5 mg/L
REFERENCE :
   TXAPA9 Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology.  (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E.
   First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1-    1959-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   84,278,1986
 
TYPE OF TEST            : DNA adduct
TEST SYSTEM             : Mammal - species unspecified Lymphocyte
DOSE/DURATION           : 4800 mg/L
REFERENCE :
   BICHAW Biochemistry.  (American Chemical Soc., Distribution Office Dept.
   223, POB 57136, West End Stn., Washington, DC 20037)  V.1-    1962-
   Volume(issue)/page/year: 21,771,1982

                              *** REVIEWS ***
 
   ACGIH TLV-TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3
   DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices
   (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial
   Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   TLV/BEI,1997

   IARC Cancer Review:Animal Sufficient Evidence
   IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals
   to Man.  (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210)
   V.1-    1972-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 11,75,1976

   IARC Cancer Review:Animal Sufficient Evidence
   IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals
   to Man.  (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210)
   V.1-    1972-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 49,257,1990

   TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
   ACLSCP Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science.  (1833 Delancey Pl.,
   Philadelphia, PA 19103) V.1-    1971-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,156,1973

   TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
   FCTXAV Food and Cosmetics Toxicology.  (London, UK)  V.1-19, 1963-81.  For
   publisher information, see FCTOD7.  Volume(issue)/page/year: 9,105,1971

   TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
   85DHAX "Medical and Biologic Effects of Environmental Pollutants Series,"
   Washington, DC, National Academy of Sciences, 1972-77
   Volume(issue)/page/year: Ni,168,1975

   TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
   PEXTAR Progress in Experimental Tumor Research.  (S. Karger AG, Postfach
   CH-4009 Basel, Switzerland) V.1-    1960-  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   12,102,1969

   TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
   DICHAK Diseases of the Chest.  (Chicago, IL)  V.1-56, 1935-69.  For
   publisher information, see CHETBF.  Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,527,1968

   TOXICOLOGY REVIEW
   PAPOAC Patologia Polska. (Ars Polona, POB 1001, 00-068 Warsaw 1, Poland)
   V.1-    1950-  Volume(issue)/page/year: 23,135,1972

                    *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS ***
 
   MSHA STANDARD-air:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3
   DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices
   (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial
   Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   3,178,1971

   OSHA PEL (Gen Indu):8H TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3
   CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations.  (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt.
   of Documents, Washington, DC 20402)  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   29,1910.1000,1994

   OSHA PEL (Construc):8H TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3
   CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations.  (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt.
   of Documents, Washington, DC 20402)  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   29,1926.55,1994

   OSHA PEL (Shipyard):8H TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3
   CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations.  (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt.
   of Documents, Washington, DC 20402)  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   29,1915.1000,1993

   OSHA PEL (Fed Cont):8H TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3
   CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations.  (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt.
   of Documents, Washington, DC 20402)  Volume(issue)/page/year:
   41,50-204.50,1994

                    *** OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS ***
 
   OEL-ARAB Republic of Egypt:TWA 0.1 mg(Ni)/m3 JAN 1993
   
   OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3 JAN 1993
   
   OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3 (insoluble compounds) JAN 1993
   
   OEL-DENMARK:TWA 0.05 mg(Ni)/m3;Carcinogen JAN 1993
   
   OEL-DENMARK:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3 (insoluble compounds) JAN 1993
   
   OEL-FINLAND:TWA 0.1 mg(Ni)/m3;Carcinogen JAN 1993
   
   OEL-FINLAND:TWA 0.1 mg(Ni)/m3;Skin;Carcinogen (insoluble compounds) JAN 1993
   
   OEL-FINLAND;Carcinogen JAN 1993
   
   OEL-FRANCE:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3 JAN 1993
   
   OEL-GERMANY;Carcinogen JAN 1993
   
   OEL-HUNGARY:STEL 0.005 mg(Ni)/m3;Carcinogen (insoluble compounds) JAN 1993
   
   OEL-JAPAN:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3;Carcinogen JAN 1993
   
   OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 0.1 mg(Ni)/m3 JAN 1993
   
   OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3 (insoluble compounds) JAN 1993
   
   OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3 JAN 1993
   
   OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 0.05 mg(Ni)/m3 JAN 1993
   
   OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 0.01 mg/m3;Carcinogen JAN 1993
   
   OEL-SWEDEN:TWA 0.5 mg(Ni)/m3 JAN 1993
   
   OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 0.5 mg(Ni)/m3 (insoluble compounds) JAN 1993
   
   OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 0.5 mg(Ni)/m3;Carcinogen JAN 1993
   
   OEL-THAILAND:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3 JAN 1993
   
   OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 0.5 mg(Ni)/m3 (insoluble compounds) JAN 1993
   
   OEL-UNITED KINGDOM:TWA 1 mg(Ni)/m3 JAN 1993
   
   OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV
   
   OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGIH TLV

         *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA ***

NIOSH RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LEVEL (REL) :
   NIOSH REL TO NICKEL, INORGANIC-air:10H CA TWA 0.015 mg(Ni)/m3
REFERENCE :
   NIOSH* National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of
   Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda.
   Volume(issue)/page/year: DHHS #92-100,1992

                          *** STATUS IN U.S. ***
 
   EPA GENETOX PROGRAM 1988, Positive: Carcinogenicity-mouse/rat
   
   EPA TSCA Section 8(b) CHEMICAL INVENTORY
   
   On EPA IRIS database
   
   EPA TSCA TEST SUBMISSION (TSCATS) DATA BASE, JUNE 1998
   
   NTP Carcinogenesis studies (inhalation);clear evidence:rat
   NTPTR* National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series.  (Research
   Triangle Park, NC 27709) No.206-  Volume(issue)/page/year: NTP-TR-453,96

   NTP Carcinogenesis studies (inhalation);no evidence:mouse
   NTPTR* National Toxicology Program Technical Report Series.  (Research
   Triangle Park, NC 27709) No.206-  Volume(issue)/page/year: NTP-TR-453,96

   NTP 7th Annual Report on Carcinogens, 1992 : anticipated to be carcinogen

 
                            *** END OF RECORD ***
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ALL Chemical Property And Toxicity Analysis PAGES IN THIS GROUP
NAMECAS
Nickel(II) carbonate (11) 3333-67-3
Nickel, (mu-(carbonato(2-)-OO'))dihydroxydi- 65405-96-1
Nickel, (carbonato(2-))tetrahydroxytri- 12607-70-4
Nickel, (carbonato(2-))tetrahydroxytri-, tetrahydrate 39430-27-8
Nickel carbonyl 13463-39-3
Nickel(II) chloride (12) 7718-54-9
Nickel(II) chloride, hexahydrate (126) 7791-20-0
Nickel chloride, trihydrate 65374-81-4
Nickel cyanide 557-19-7
Nickel, compd with pi-cyclopentadienyl (12) 1271-28-9
2-Naphthol, 1,6-dibromo- 16239-18-2
Nickel, dithiocyanatobis(triphenylphosphine)- 15709-62-3
Nickel,(ethanedioato(2-)-O,O')bis(3-methylbenzenamine)- 80660-65-7
Nickel,(ethanedioato(2-)-O,O')bis(3-((phenylamino)methyl)-2(3H)-benzoxazolone- N(sup N(sup 3),O(sup 2))- 82497-99-2
Nickel, (ethanedioato(2-)-O,O')bis(pyridine1-oxide-O)-, (SP-4-2)- 74167-24-1
Nickel(II) fluoborate 14708-14-6
Nickel(II) fluoride (12) 10028-18-9
Nickel(II) fluosilicate (11) 26043-11-8
Nickel-gallium alloy 56668-59-8
Nickel(II) hydroxide 12054-48-7
Nickel(III) hydroxide 12125-56-3
2-Naphthol, dichloro- 63980-33-6
Nickeline 1303-13-5
Nickel iron sulfide 59978-65-3
Nickel(II) isodecyl ortho-phosphate (32) 74203-45-5
Nickel(II) nitrate (12) 13138-45-9
Nickel(II) nitrate, hexahydrate (126) 13478-00-7
Nickel(II) oxide (11) 1313-99-1
Nickel(III) oxide 1314-06-3
Nickel oxide catalyst 1314-06-3
Nickel potassium cyanide 14220-17-8
Nickel refinery dustSUBSTANCE DEFINITION :Analysis: cupric oxide(3.4%), nickel sulfate(20.0%), nickel sulfide(57.0%),nickel oxide(6.3%), cobalt oxide(1.0%), ferric oxide(1.8%), silicondioxide(1.2%), misc.(2.0%), water(7.3%)REFERENCE :CNREA8 Cancer Research. (Public Ledger Building, Suit 816, 6th & ChestnutSts., Philadelphia, PA 19106) V.1- 1941- Volume(issue)/page/year:22,158,1962 14220-17-8
2-Naphthol,7,8-dihydro-6-phenyl-5-(p-(2-piperidinoethoxy)phenyl)-, hydrochloride 10059-68-4
Nickel selenide (Ni-Se) 1314-05-2
Nickel selenide (Ni3-Se2) 12137-13-2
Nickel (II) sulfamate 13770-89-3
Nickel(II) sulfate (11) 7786-81-4
Nickel(II) sulfate hexahydrate (116) 10101-97-0
Nickel sulfide 11113-75-0
Nickel sulfide 16812-54-7
Nickel sulfide 12035-51-7
Nickel sulfide, amorphous 12035-51-7
Nickel sulfide (32) 12035-72-2
2-Naphthol, 1-((2,5-dimethoxyphenyl)azo)- 6358-53-8
Nickel telluride 12142-88-0
Nickel titanium oxide 12035-39-1
Nickel(2+), tris(2,2'-bipyridine-N,N')-, dichloride,(OC-6-11)- 14751-84-9
Nickel(2+), tris(1,2-ethanediamine-N,N')-,(OC-6-11)-, (T-4)-tetraoxotungstate(2-) (1:1) 80660-45-3
Nickel(2+), tris(octamethylpyrophosphoramide)-,diperchlorate 26388-85-2
Nickel(2+), tris(1,2-propanediamine-N,N')-,(T-4)-tetraoxotungstate(2-) (1:1) 80660-44-2

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