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File Name: meredithdist_com_au---kf2_.asp
                                             POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 1 of 16



Section 1 - CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION


PRODUCT NAME
POWERS KF2

SYNONYMS

"KF2 - 380 ml tube"

PROPER SHIPPING NAME
POLYESTER RESIN KIT

PRODUCT USE
Material is mixed and used in accordance with manufacturers directions. The use of a
quantity of material in an unventilated or confined space may result in increased exposure
and an irritating atmosphere developing. Before starting consider control of exposure by
mechanical ventilation. Resin anchor system cartridge includes resin and catalyst that are
mixed and cured in the bolthole by the screwing action of bolting.

SUPPLIER
Company: Powers Fasteners Australasia Pty Ltd
Address:
Factory 3, 205 Abbotts Road
Dandenong South
VIC 3175
Australia
Telephone: +61 3 8787 5888
Telephone: 1800 677 872 (freecall)
Fax: +61 3 8787 5899



Section 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION


STATEMENT OF HAZARDOUS NATURE
HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE. DANGEROUS GOODS. According to the Criteria of NOHSC,
and the ADG Code.

POISONS SCHEDULE
S5

RISK SAFETY
Flammable. Keep container in a well ventilated place.
Harmful by inhalation. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions
before use.
Irritating to eyes and skin. To clean the floor and all objects contaminated
by this material, use water and detergent.
Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect. Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding
stuffs.
May cause SENSITISATION by skin contact. Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
In case of contact with eyes, rinse with plenty

continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 2 of 16
Section 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

of water and contact Doctor or Poisons
Information Centre.
If swallowed, IMMEDIATELY contact Doctor or
Poisons Information Centre. (show this container
or label).
This material and its container must be disposed
of as hazardous waste.


Section 3 - COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

NAME CAS RN %
sealed twin compartment cartridge
one compartment containing
polyester resin (unsaturated)
styrene 100-42-5 25-50
inorganic filler
second compartment containing
dibenzoyl peroxide 94-36-0 <3.5
as catalyst/hardener


Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES


SWALLOWED
For advice, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor.
路 If swallowed do NOT induce vomiting.
路 If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if
possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration.
路 Observe the patient carefully.
路 Never give liquid to a person showing signs of being sleepy or with reduced awareness;
i.e. becoming unconscious.
路 Give water to rinse out mouth, then provide liquid slowly and as much as casualty can
comfortably drink.
路 Seek medical advice.

EYE
If this product comes in contact with the eyes:
路 Immediately hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running water.
路 Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and
moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
路 Continue flushing until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre or a doctor,
or for at least 15 minutes.
路 Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
路 Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled
personnel.

SKIN
If skin contact occurs:
路 Immediately remove all contaminated clothing, including footwear
路 Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).
路 Seek medical attention in event of irritation.


continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 3 of 16
Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES

INHALED
路 If fumes or combustion products are inhaled remove from contaminated area.
路 Lay patient down. Keep warm and rested.
路 Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed, where
possible, prior to initiating first aid procedures.
路 Apply artificial respiration if not breathing, preferably with a demand valve
resuscitator, bag-valve mask device, or pocket mask as trained. Perform CPR if necessary.
路 Transport to hospital, or doctor.

NOTES TO PHYSICIAN
For acute or short term repeated exposures to styrene:
INHALATION:
路 Severe exposures should have cardiac monitoring to detect arrhythmia.
路 Catecholamines, especially epinephrine (adrenaline) should be used cautiously (if at
all).
路 Aminophylline and inhaled beta-two selective bronchodilators (e.g. salbutamol) are the
drugs of choice for treatment of bronchospasm.
INGESTION:
路 Ipecac syrup should be given for ingestions exceeding 3ml (styrene)/kg.
路 For patients at risk of aspiration because of obtundation, intubation should precede
lavage.
路 Pneumonitis is a significant risk. Watch the patient closely in an upright (alert
patient) or left lateral head-down position (obtunded patient) to reduce aspiration
potential. [Ellenhorn and Barceloux: Medical Toxicology]
BIOLOGICAL EXPOSURE INDEX - BEI
These represent the determinants observed in specimens collected from a healthy worker
who has been exposed at the Exposure Standard (ES or TLV):


Determinant Index Sampling Time Comments
1. Mandelic acid in 800 mg/gm creatinine End of shift NS
urine
300 mg/gm creatinine Prior to next shift NS
2. Phenylglyoxylic 240 mg/gm creatinine End of shift NS
acid in urine
100 mg/gm creatinine Prior to next shift
3. Styrene in venous 0.55 mg/L End of shift SQ
blood
0.02 mg/L Prior to next shift SQ

NS: Non-specific determinant; also seen after exposure to other materials.
SQ: Semi-quantitative determinant - Interpretation may be ambiguous; should be used as a
screening test or confirmatory test.
B: Background levels occur in specimens collected from subjects NOT exposed.


Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES


EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
路 Foam.
路 Dry chemical powder.
路 BCF (where regulations permit).
路 Carbon dioxide.

continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 4 of 16
Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES

路 Water spray or fog - Large fires only.

FIRE FIGHTING
路 Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
路 May be violently or explosively reactive.
路 Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves.
路 Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.
路 If safe, switch off electrical equipment until vapour fire hazard removed.
路 Use water delivered as a fine spray to control fire and cool adjacent area.
路 Avoid spraying water onto liquid pools.
路 DO NOT approach containers suspected to be hot.
路 Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location.
路 If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire.
When any large container (including road and rail tankers) is involved in a fire,
consider evacuation by 500 metres in all directions.

FIRE/EXPLOSION HAZARD
路 Liquid and vapour are flammable.
路 Moderate fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame.
路 Vapour forms an explosive mixture with air.
路 Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame.
路 Vapour may travel a considerable distance to source of ignition.
路 Heating may cause expansion or decomposition leading to violent rupture of containers.
路 On combustion, may emit toxic fumes of carbon monoxide (CO).
Combustion products include: carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), other
pyrolysis products typical of burning organic material.
May emit clouds of acrid smoke.

FIRE INCOMPATIBILITY
Avoid reaction with oxidising agents, strong acids, peroxides,
ferrous salts, metal halides, alkalies and ultra-violet radiation.

HAZCHEM: None

Personal Protective Equipment
Breathing apparatus.
Gas tight chemical resistant suit.
Limit exposure duration to 1 BA set30 mins.


Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES


EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

MINOR SPILLS
Accidentally activated or crushed cartridges rapidly become hot and give off
vapour, so are best dropped in a bucket of water. Care: several cartridges
in a small amount of water may cause water to boil. Add more water.

MAJOR SPILLS
路 Clear area of personnel and move upwind.
路 Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
路 May be violently or explosively reactive.
路 Wear breathing apparatus plus protective gloves.
continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 5 of 16
Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

路 Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.
路 No smoking, naked lights or ignition sources.
路 Increase ventilation.
路 Stop leak if safe to do so.
路 Water spray or fog may be used to disperse / absorb vapour.
路 Contain spill with sand, earth or vermiculite.
路 Use only spark-free shovels and explosion proof equipment.
路 Collect recoverable product into labelled containers for recycling.
路 Absorb remaining product with sand, earth or vermiculite.
路 Collect solid residues and seal in labelled drums for disposal.
路 Wash area and prevent runoff into drains.
路 If contamination of drains or waterways occurs, advise emergency services.
Contain spill / secure load if safe to do so
Accidentally activated or crushed cartridges rapidly become hot and give off
vapour, so are best dropped in a bucket of water. Care: several cartridges
in a small amount of water may cause water to boil. Add more water.
Bundle / collect recoverable product and label for recycling.

PROTECTIVE ACTIONS FOR SPILL
PROTECTIVE ACTION ZONE

half
evacuation
downwind
direction
distance
down wind distance
wind isolation
distance
direction
half
evacuation downwind
INITIAL direction distance
ISOLATION
ZONE

From IERG (Canada/Australia)
Isolation Distance 15 metres
Downwind Protection Distance 100 metres
IERG Number 15

FOOTNOTES
1 PROTECTIVE ACTION ZONE is defined as the area in which people are at risk of harmful exposure. This zone
assumes that random changes in wind direction confines the vapour plume to an area within 30 degrees on
either side of the predominant wind direction, resulting in a crosswind protective action distance equal
to the downwind protective action distance.
2 PROTECTIVE ACTIONS should be initiated to the extent possible, beginning with those closest to the spill
and working away from the site in the downwind direction. Within the protective action zone a level of
vapour concentration may exist resulting in nearly all unprotected persons becoming incapacitated and
unable to take protective action and/or incurring serious or irreversible health effects.
3 INITIAL ISOLATION ZONE is determined as an area, including upwind of the incident, within which a high
probability of localised wind reversal may expose nearly all persons without appropriate protection to
life-threatening concentrations of the material.
4 SMALL SPILLS involve a leaking package of 200 litres (55 US gallons) or less, such as a drum (jerrican or
box with inner containers). Larger packages leaking less than 200 litres and compressed gas leaking from
a small cylinder are also considered "small spills".
LARGE SPILLS involve many small leaking packages or a leaking package of greater than 200 litres, such as

continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 6 of 16
Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

a cargo tank, portable tank or a "one-tonne" compressed gas cylinder.
5 Guide 127 is taken from the US DOT emergency response guide book.
6 IERG information is derived from CANUTEC - Transport Canada.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING GUIDELINES (ERPG)
The maximum airborne concentration below which it is believed that nearly all individuals could be exposed
for up to one hour WITHOUT experiencing or developing

life-threatening health effects is:
styrene 1000 ppm

irreversible or other serious effects or symptoms which could impair an individual's ability to take
protective action is:
styrene 250 ppm

other than mild, transient adverse effects without perceiving a clearly defined odour is:
styrene 50 ppm

The threshold concentration below which most people will experience no appreciable risk of health effects:
styrene 50 ppm

American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)

Ingredients considered according to the following cutoffs
Very Toxic (T+) >= 0.1% Toxic (T) >= 3.0%
R50 >= 0.25% Corrosive (C) >= 5.0%
R51 >= 2.5%
else >= 10%
where percentage is percentage of ingredient found in the mixture

Personal Protective Equipment advice is contained in Section 8 of the MSDS.


Section 7 - HANDLING AND STORAGE


PROCEDURE FOR HANDLING
路 Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.
路 Wear protective clothing when risk of overexposure occurs.
路 Use in a well-ventilated area.
路 Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps.
路 DO NOT enter confined spaces until atmosphere has been checked.
路 Avoid smoking, naked lights or ignition sources.
路 Avoid generation of static electricity.
路 DO NOT use plastic buckets.
路 Earth all lines and equipment.
路 Use spark-free tools when handling.
路 Avoid contact with incompatible materials.
路 When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or smoke.
路 Keep containers securely sealed when not in use.
路 Avoid physical damage to containers.
路 Always wash hands with soap and water after handling.
路 Work clothes should be laundered separately.
路 Use good occupational work practice.

continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 7 of 16
Section 7 - HANDLING AND STORAGE

路 Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
路 Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to ensure
safe working conditions.

SUITABLE CONTAINER
Cartridge.

STORAGE INCOMPATIBILITY
Contamination with polymerisation catalysts - peroxides, persulfates, oxidising agents -
also strong acids, strong alkalies, will cause polymerisation with exotherm - generation
of heat.
Polymerisation of large quantities may be violent - even explosive.
Uncured material corrodes copper and its alloys.

STORAGE REQUIREMENTS
路 Store in original containers in approved flammable liquid storage area.
路 DO NOT store in pits, depressions, basements or areas where vapours may be trapped.
路 No smoking, naked lights, heat or ignition sources.
路 Keep containers securely sealed.
路 Store away from incompatible materials in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area.
路 Protect containers against physical damage and check regularly for leaks.
路 Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
Store below 20 deg. C. and protect from frost. Refer to use-by date on
cartridge.


Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION


EXPOSURE CONTROLS
Source Material TWA TWA STEL STEL Peak Peak TWA
ppm mg/m鲁 ppm mg/m鲁 ppm mg/m鲁 F/CC
_________________ __________________ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______
Australia Exposure styrene (Styrene, 50 213 100 426
Standards monomer)
Australia Exposure dibenzoyl peroxide 5
Standards (Benzoyl peroxide)

The following materials had no OELs on our record under the following CAS
鈥? dibenzoyl peroxide:


EMERGENCY EXPOSURE LIMITS
Material Revised IDLH Value Revised IDLH Value
(mg/m3) (ppm)
styrene 700
dibenzoyl peroxide 1, 500


ODOUR SAFETY FACTOR (OSF)
OSF=63 (STYRENE)

MATERIAL DATA
Sensory irritants are chemicals that produce temporary and undesirable side-effects on
the eyes, nose or throat. Historically occupational exposure standards for these
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POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 8 of 16
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

irritants have been based on observation of workers' responses to various airborne
concentrations. Present day expectations require that nearly every individual should be
protected against even minor sensory irritation and exposure standards are established
using uncertainty factors or safety factors of 5 to 10 or more. On occasion animal no
-observable-effect-levels (NOEL) are used to determine these limits where human results
are unavailable. An additional approach, typically used by the TLV committee (USA) in
determining respiratory standards for this group of chemicals, has been to assign ceiling
values (TLV C) to rapidly acting irritants and to assign short-term exposure limits (TLV
STELs) when the weight of evidence from irritation, bioaccumulation and other endpoints
combine to warrant such a limit. In contrast the MAK Commission (Germany) uses a five
-category system based on intensive odour, local irritation, and elimination half-life.
However this system is being replaced to be consistent with the European Union (EU)
Scientific Committee for Occupational Exposure Limits (SCOEL); this is more closely
allied to that of the USA.
OSHA (USA) concluded that exposure to sensory irritants can:
路 cause inflammation
路 cause increased susceptibility to other irritants and infectious agents
路 lead to permanent injury or dysfunction
路 permit greater absorption of hazardous substances and
路 acclimate the worker to the irritant warning properties of these substances thus
increasing the risk of overexposure.
Exposed individuals are reasonably expected to be warned, by smell, that the Exposure
Standard is being exceeded.
Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is determined to fall into either Class A or B.
The Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is defined as:
OSF= Exposure Standard (TWA) ppm/ Odour Threshold Value (OTV) ppm
Classification into classes follows:

Class OSF Description
A 550 Over 90% of exposed
individuals are aware by smell
that the Exposure Standard
(TLV- TWA for example) is
being reached, even when
distracted by working
activities
B 26- 550 As " A" for 50- 90% of persons
being distracted
C 1- 26 As " A" for less than 50% of
persons being distracted
D 0.18- 1 10- 50% of persons aware of
being tested perceive by smell
that the Exposure Standard is
being reached
E <0.18 As " D" for less than 10% of
persons aware of being tested

.

INGREDIENT DATA
STYRENE:
Odour Threshold: 0.017 to 1.9 with a geometric average threshold of 0.32 ppm.
NOTE:Detector tubes measuring styrene at greater than 10 ppm are available.
The recommended TLV-TWA and STEL is based on the influence of styrene
exposure on the central and peripheral nervous systems At the TWA, total
continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 9 of 16
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

daily styrene exposure to the standard 70 kg medium-frame man who inhales
10 m3 and who retains 70% of the inspired compound is 21 mg/kg with
0.5 mg/kg absorbed through the skin. The total absorbed dose can be
increased six-fold with physical work and increased respiration rate.
Measurement of styrene and its metabolites in the urine can be an
indication of recent exposure though this approach may be limited by
factors such as the influence of alcohol consumption on styrene
pharmodynamics. Exposure at or below the TLV-TWA is thought to protect the
worker against the significant risks of narcosis, neuropathies and
irritation although other findings suggest that neuro-optical effects ar
significant amongst workers exposed at 4 ppm.

DIBENZOYL PEROXIDE:
The recommendation for the TLV-TWA is based on the absence of subjective
symptoms of irritation of the nose and throat in humans exposed to
5.25 mg/m3. Whether this is sufficiently low to prevent cumulative effects
in man is not known.

PERSONAL PROTECTION

EYE
路 Safety glasses with side shields.
路 Chemical goggles.
路 Contact lenses may pose a special hazard; soft contact lenses may absorb and
concentrate irritants. A written policy document, describing the wearing of lens or
restrictions on use, should be created for each workplace or task. This should include a
review of lens absorption and adsorption for the class of chemicals in use and an account
of injury experience. Medical and first-aid personnel should be trained in their removal
and suitable equipment should be readily available. In the event of chemical exposure,
begin eye irrigation immediately and remove contact lens as soon as practicable. Lens
should be removed at the first signs of eye redness or irritation - lens should be
removed in a clean environment only after workers have washed hands thoroughly. [CDC
NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletin 59].

HANDS/FEET
Neoprene rubber gloves.
Wear chemical protective gloves, eg. PVC.
Wear safety footwear or safety gumboots, eg. Rubber.
NOTE: The material may produce skin sensitisation in predisposed individuals. Care must
be taken, when removing gloves and other protective equipment, to avoid all possible skin
contact.

OTHER
路 Overalls.
路 PVC Apron.
路 PVC protective suit may be required if exposure severe.
路 Eyewash unit.
路 Ensure there is ready access to a safety shower.

RESPIRATOR
Selection of the Class and Type of respirator will depend upon the level of breathing
zone contaminant and the chemical nature of the contaminant. Protection Factors (defined
as the ratio of contaminant outside and inside the mask) may also be important.

Breathing Zone Level Maximum Protection Half- face Respirator Full- Face Respirator
continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 10 of 16
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

ppm (volume) Factor
1000 10 A- AUS P -
1000 50 - A- AUS P
5000 50 Airline * -
5000 100 - A- 2 P
10000 100 - A- 3 P
100+ Airline**

* - Continuous Flow ** - Continuous-flow or positive pressure demand.

The local concentration of material, quantity and conditions of use determine the type of
personal protective equipment required.
For further information consult site specific
CHEMWATCH data (if available), or your
Occupational Health and Safety Advisor.

ENGINEERING CONTROLS
For flammable liquids and flammable gases, local exhaust ventilation or a process
enclosure ventilation system may be required. Ventilation equipment should be explosion
-resistant.



Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES


APPEARANCE
Paste with a sickly sweet odour; does not mix with water. Supplied in a sealed twin
compartment cartridge. Contents liberated and mixed down hole only at time of fixing
anchor bolt. When components mix the catalyst rapidly causes the resin to solidify with
generation of heat and, in open spaces, evolution of irritating styrene vapour. When used
as designed, in a bolt hole, little styrene is generated and the product presents minimal
risk.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Does not mix with water.
Sinks in water.

Molecular Weight: Not Applicable Boiling Range (掳 Not Av ailable
C):
Melting Range (掳 Not Applicable
C): Specific Gravity (water =1): 1.80 when mixed.
Solubility in water (g/L): Immiscible pH (as supplied): Not Applicable
pH (1% solution): Not Applicable Vapour Pressure (kPa): 1.0 @ 20 degC
Volatile Component (%vol): Not Available Evaporation Rate: Not Available
Relative Vapour Density (air=1): >1 Flash Point (掳 32
C):
Lower Explosive Limit (%): Not Available Upper Explosive Limit (%): Not Available
Autoignition Temp (掳 490
C): Decomposition Temp (掳 Not Av ailable
C):
State: Manufactured Viscosity: Not Available


Section 10 - CHEMICAL STABILITY AND REACTIVITY INFORMATION


CONDITIONS CONTRIBUTING TO INSTABILITY
Avoid any contamination of this material as it is very reactive and any contamination is potentially hazardous.

continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 11 of 16
Section 10 - CHEMICAL STABILITY AND REACTIVITY INFORMATION

路 Stable under controlled storage conditions provided material contains adequate stabiliser/inhibitor.
路 Bulk storages may have special storage requirements.


Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION


POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS

ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS

SWALLOWED
Considered an unlikely route of entry in commercial/industrial environments.
Ingestion may result in nausea, pain, vomiting. Vomit entering the lungs by aspiration
may cause potentially lethal chemical pneumonitis.

EYE
The material may produce severe irritation to the eye causing pronounced inflammation.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.
The vapour when concentrated has pronounced eye irritation effects and this gives some
warning of high vapour concentrations. If eye irritation occurs seek to reduce exposure
with available control measures, or evacuate area.

SKIN
The material may cause skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure and may
produce on contact skin redness, swelling, the production of vesicles, scaling and
thickening of the skin.
Entry into the blood-stream, through, for example, cuts, abrasions or lesions, may
produce systemic injury with harmful effects. Examine the skin prior to the use of the
material and ensure that any external damage is suitably protected.
Absorption by skin may readily exceed vapour inhalation exposure. Symptoms for skin
absorption are the same as for inhalation.

INHALED
Inhalation hazard is increased at higher temperatures.
Inhalation of high concentrations of gas/vapour causes lung irritation with coughing and
nausea, central nervous depression with headache and dizziness, slowing of reflexes,
fatigue and inco-ordination.
Inhalation of vapour may aggravate a pre-existing respiratory condition such as asthma,
bronchitis, emphysema.
During curing a small amount of vapour may be emitted from the small exposed
surface of the hole.

CHRONIC HEALTH EFFECTS
Skin contact with the material is more likely to cause a sensitisation reaction in some
persons compared to the general population.
Sensitisation may result in allergic dermatitis responses including rash, itching, hives
or swelling of extremities.
Excessive exposure to styrene may occur if capsules are crushed.
High vapour concentrations may have a toxic and anaesthetic effects, which
may lead to unconsciousness or death. At 400-1000 ppm, the vapour may
produce systemic effects such as dizziness, nausea and headache.
Exposure at 1000 ppm can rapidly lead to unconsciousness.
Exposure at 10000 ppm may cause death in less than one hour.
Exposure to styrene may aggravate central nervous system disorders, chronic
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POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 12 of 16
Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

respiratory disease, skin disease, kidney disease and liver disease.

TOXICITY AND IRRITATION
Contact allergies quickly manifest themselves as contact eczema, more rarely as urticaria
or Quincke's oedema. The pathogenesis of contact eczema involves a cell-mediated (T
lymphocytes) immune reaction of the delayed type. Other allergic skin reactions, e.g.
contact urticaria, involve antibody-mediated immune reactions. The significance of the
contact allergen is not simply determined by its sensitisation potential: the
distribution of the substance and the opportunities for contact with it are equally
important. A weakly sensitising substance which is widely distributed can be a more
important allergen than one with stronger sensitising potential with which few
individuals come into contact. From a clinical point of view, substances are noteworthy
if they produce an allergic test reaction in more than 1% of the persons tested.
The material may produce severe irritation to the eye causing pronounced inflammation.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.
The material may cause skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure and may
produce on contact skin redness, swelling, the production of vesicles, scaling and
thickening of the skin.

STYRENE:
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 5000 mg/kg Skin (human): 500 mg - no skin
effects
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 0.02 mg/m鲁 Skin (rabbit): 100% - Moderate
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 600 ppm Eye (rabbit): 18 mg
Inhalation (rat) LC50: 3750 ppm *
Inhalation(human)LCLo: 10000 ppm/30m. Skin (rabbit): 500 mg - Mild
Inhalation (rat): 24000 mg/m鲁/4h Eye (rabbit): 100 mg/24h - Moderate

WARNING: This substance has been classified by the IARC as Group 2B: Possibly
Carcinogenic to Humans.

DIBENZOYL PEROXIDE:
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 7710 mg/kg Eye (rabbit): 500 mg/24h - Mild
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 12 mg/m鲁 Skin effects (MAK): very weak
(@ 50%)

The substance is classified by IARC as Group 3:
NOT classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans.
Evidence of carcinogenicity may be inadequate or limited in animal testing.

MATERIAL CARCINOGEN REPROTOXIN SENSITISER SKIN
________________________ ____________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
styrene IARC:Group 2B
dibenzoyl peroxide IARC:Group 3

CARCINOGEN
IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Carcinogens: styrene Category:
Group 2B: Possibly carcinogenic to humans
CARCINOGEN
IARC: International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Carcinogens: dibenzoyl
peroxide Category: Group 3: Not classifiable as to carcinogenicity to humans


continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 13 of 16


Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Marine Pollutant:Not Determined
DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
Refer to data for ingredients, which follows:

STYRENE:
Hazardous Air Pollutant: Yes
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 25.1- 74.8
Algae IC50 (72hr.) (mg/l): 67- 200
log Kow (Prager 1995): 2.95
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 3.05
BOD5: 0.55- 1.95
ThOD: 3.07
Half- life Soil - High (hours): 672
Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 336
Half- life Air - High (hours): 7.3
Half- life Air - Low (hours): 0.9
Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 672
Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 336
Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 5040
Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 672
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 672
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 336
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 2688
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 1344
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - High (hours): 99%
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - Low (hours): 8%
Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 7.3
Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 0.9

DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
log Kow: 2.95-3.05
Koc: 270-550
Half-life (hr) air: 3.5-9
Half-life (hr) H2O surface water: 3
Henry's atm m鲁 /mol: 2.81E-03
BOD 5 if unstated: 0.55-2.45,65%
COD: 2.80-2.88
ThOD: 3.07
BCF: 13.5
Toxicity Fish: LC50(96)0.87-0.95ppm
Nitrif. inhib.: 75% inhib at 175mg/L

DIBENZOYL PEROXIDE:
Half- life Soil - High (hours): 48
Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 4
Half- life Air - High (hours): 510
Half- life Air - Low (hours): 51
Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 168
Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 24
Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 336
Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 48
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 168
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 24
continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 14 of 16
Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 672
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 96
Photolysis maximum light absorption - High (nano- m): 275
Photolysis maximum light absorption - Low (nano- m): 235
Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 510
Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 51


Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

If used in accordance with instructions, the only item to be disposed
of will be the empty cartridge.
Solidified material may be buried.


Section 14 - TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION




Labels Required: FLAMMABLE LIQUID
HAZCHEM: None

UNDG:
Dangerous Goods Class: 3 Subrisk: None
UN Number: 3269 Packing Group: III
Shipping Name:POLYESTER RESIN KIT

Air Transport IATA:
ICAO/IATA Class: 3 ICAO/IATA Subrisk: None
UN/ID Number: 3269 Packing Group: III
ERG Code: 3L
Shipping Name: Polyester resin kit 脜

Maritime Transport IMDG:
IMDG Class: 3 IMDG Subrisk: None
UN Number: 3269 Packing Group: III
EMS Number: F- E, S- D Marine Pollutant: Not
Determined
Shipping Name: POLYESTER RESIN KIT


Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION


POISONS SCHEDULE: S5




continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 15 of 16
Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION

REGULATIONS
styrene (CAS: 100-42-5) is found on the following regulatory lists;
Australia - Australian Capital Territory Environment Protection Regulation
Pollutants entering waterways - Domestic water quality
Australia Dangerous Goods Code Draft 7th Edition - Goods too Dangerous to be
Transported
Australia Exposure Standards
Australia High Volume Industrial Chemical List (HVICL)
Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)
Australia National Pollutant Inventory
Australia Poisons Schedule
IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Noxious Liquid Substances Carried in Bulk
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Carcinogens
International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals
WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality - Guideline values for chemicals that are
of health significance in drinking-water

dibenzoyl peroxide (CAS: 94-36-0) is found on the following regulatory lists;
Australia - Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code - Processing Aids - Permitted
bleaching agents, washing and peeling agents and in water used as an ingredient in other
foods
Australia Dangerous Goods Code Draft 7th Edition - Organic Peroxides
Australia Exposure Standards
Australia Inventory of Chemical Substances (AICS)
Australia Poisons Schedule
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Carcinogens
International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals


Section 16 - OTHER INFORMATION


REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH GUIDELINES
Established occupational exposure limits frequently do not take into consideration
reproductive end points that are clearly below the thresholds for other toxic effects.
Occupational reproductive guidelines (ORGs) have been suggested as an additional
standard. These have been established after a literature search for reproductive no
-observed-adverse effect-level (NOAEL) and the lowest-observed-adverse-effect-level
(LOAEL). In addition the US EPA's procedures for risk assessment for hazard
identification and dose-response assessment as applied by NIOSH were used in the creation
of such limits. Uncertainty factors (UFs) have also been incorporated.
Ingredient ORG UF Endpoint CR Adeq TLV
styrene 85 mg/m3 NA D 0.3 -

This document is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, review or
criticism, as permitted under the Copyright Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission
from CHEMWATCH. TEL (+61 3) 9572 4700.

Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006

continued...
POWERS KF2
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2006 CHEMWATCH 59224
NC317ECP Revision No:2
CD 2006/3 Page 16 of 16
Section 16 - OTHER INFORMATION

Print Date: 12-Oct-2006

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