MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Taminco, Inc.
1950 Lake Park Drive
For Emergencies Involving a Spill, Leak, Fire, Smyrna, Georgia 30080
Exposure or Accident Contact: For Product Information:
CHEMTREC (800) 424-9300 (800) 426-3820
SECTION: 1 IDENTIFICATION
Defiant庐 Turf Fungicide and Animal Repellent
HMIS HAZARD RATINGS
Tetramethylthiuram Disulfide Health 2
(syn: Thiram, TMTD, Bis [Dimethylthiocarbamyl] Disulfide) Flammability 1
SECTION 2: PRODUCT COMPONENTS
INGREDIENTS CAS NO. WT.%
Tetramethylthiuram disulfide 137-26-8 75
Inert Ingredients Proprietary 25
SECTION 3: HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
EMERGENCY OVERVIEW: This product is slightly brown granules with a carmel odor. It is not defined as flammable or combustible but will burn
under fire conditions.
CAUTION! Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin. May cause systemic poisoning with symptoms of nausea, vomiting,
tremor, numbness, weakness and death. May cause eye, skin or respiratory irritation. May cause allergic skin reaction. May be absorbed
through the skin and cause toxic effects. Inhalation of dust may cause mucous membrane and respiratory irritation. Do not get in eyes, on skin
or on clothing. Avoid inhaling spray mist. Prolonged or frequently repeated skin contact may cause allergic reaction in some individuals. The
consumption of alcoholic beverages increases the toxic effects of Thiram.
SECTION 4: EMERGENCY and FIRST AID PROCEDURES
INGESTION: Call a poison control center o doctor immediately for treatment advice. If conscious, have the person sip a glass of water if able to
swallow. Do not induce vomiting unless told to do so by a poison control center or doctor. Do not give anything by mouth to an unconscious
SKIN CONTACT: Take off contaminated clothing. Rinse skin immediately with plenty of water for 15-20 minutes. Call a poison control center or
doctor for treatment advice.
EYE CONTACT: Hold eye open and rinse slowly and gently with water for 15-20 minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present, after the first 5
minutes, then continue rinsing eye. Call a poison control center or doctor for treatment advice.
INHALATION: Move person to fresh air. If person is not breathing, call 911 or an ambulance, then give artificial respiration, preferably mouth-
to-mouth if possible. Call a poison control center or doctor for treatment advice.
NOTE: Tetramethylthiuram Disulfide is the methyl analog of antabuse. Consumption of small amounts of alcohol and acute or chronic
tetramethylthiuram disulfide exposure will cause similar effects as antabuse. These include palpitations, nausea, vomiting, headaches,
shortness of breath.
SECTION 5: FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA
FLASH POINT: Not applicable METHOD: Not applicable
FLAMMABLE LIMITS: (vol. % in air) 30 g/m3 as dust at 270oC AUTOIGNITION TEMPERATURE: Not available
EXTINGUISHING MEDIA: Not defined as flammable or combustible. Product may support combustion under fire condition. Use carbon dioxide,
dry chemicals, foam, water or water fog.
SPECIAL FIRE FIGHTING PROCEDURES: Evacuate area of all non emergency personnel. Firefighters should wear full emergency equipment
and NIOSH approved positive pressure self-contained breathing apparatus. Fight fire from upwind and cool exposed intact containers and
structures with water spray or stream at maximum range. Decontaminate all protective equipment after use, prevent skin contact. This product
is toxic to fish. Contain all water run-off with diking.
UNUSUAL FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS: Decomposition products are toxic. Very high concentrations of this product suspended in air may
present an explosion hazard.
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SECTION 6: ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
STEPS TO BE TAKEN IN CASE MATERIAL IS RELEASED OR SPILLED: Wear appropriate protective clothing as described in Section 8 to
prevent eye and skin contact and appropriate respirator to prevent overexposure. Isolate area and keep out unprotected persons. Stop leak at
source. Carefully sweep up dry spilled material and collect into labeled containers for proper disposal. If liquid, dike and absorb with inert
material. This material is toxic to fish. Prevent run-off to storm sewers and ditches leading to natural waterways. Report spill as required by
local and federal regulations.
SECTION 7: HANDLING AND STORAGE
PRECAUTIONS TO BE TAKEN IN HANDLING AND STORING: Protect containers from physical damage. Store in a cool, dry area preferably
locked and out of reach of children and animals. Not for the use or storage in or around the home. Protect from excessive heat. Store in original
container only. Do not contaminate water, food or feed by storage, disposal or cleaning of equipment. Do not get in eyes, on skin or on clothing.
Avoid inhaling spray mists. Use only with adequate ventilation and appropriate protective equipment. Carefully open containers. Immediately
remove and launder contaminated clothing before re-use. Wash thoroughly after handling and before eating, drinking, chewing gum, using
tobacco products or using toilet facilities. Remove clothing immediately if pesticide gets inside. Then wash thoroughly and put on clean clothing.
Remove personal protective equipment (PPE) immediately after handling product. Wash the outside of gloves before removing. As soon as
possible, wash thoroughly and change into clean clothing.
Do not apply this product in such a manner as to directly or thorough drift expose workers or other persons. Only protected handlers may be in
the area during application. For any requirements specific to your state, province or Tribe, consult the agency responsible for pesticide
regulation. Use this product only in accordance with its labeling and the Worker Protection Standard, 40CFR Part 170. This standard contains
requirements for the protection of agricultural workers on farms, forests, nurseries and greenhouses, and handlers of agricultural pesticides. It
contains requirements for training, decontamination, notification and emergency assistance. Do not enter or allow worker entry into treated
areas during the restricted entry interval (REI) of 24 hours. PPE required for early entry to treated areas that is permitted under the Worker
Protection Standard is described in Section 8 of this MSDS.
Do not enter or allow other to enter treated areas until sprays have dried. Do not apply this product through any type of irrigation system.
OTHER PRECAUTIONS: Keep containers tightly closed. Empty containers retain product residues and are hazardous. Follow all MSDS
precautions in handling empty containers. This product is toxic to fish. Do not apply directly to water or areas where surface water is present
to intertidal areas below the mean high water mark. Do not contaminate water by cleaning of equipment or disposing of equipment washwaters.
Drift or runoff from treated areas may be hazardous to aquatic organisms in neighboring areas. Apply this product only as specified on the
SECTION 8: EXPOSURE CONTROLS and PERSONAL PROTECTION
RESPIRATORY PROTECTION: Use a properly fit-tested NIOSH approved full-facepiece respirator with pesticide cartridge or half-face respirator
with non-venting chemical goggles recommended for applicators and other handlers and when performing any operation where exposure to
Defiant is likely. Selection of respiratory protection depends on the contaminant type, form and concentration. Select in accordance with OSHA
1910.134 and good Industrial Hygiene practice.
ENGINEERING CONTROLS: When handlers use closed systems, enclosed cabs, or aircraft in a manner that meets the requirements listed in the
Worker Protection Standard for agricultural pesticides [40CFR 170.240(d)], the handler PPE requirements may be reduced or modified as
specified in the Worker Protection Standard.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING: Applicators and other handlers must wear rubber or other chemical resistant, waterproof gloves and goggles or
faceshield, chemical resistant headgear, long sleeved shirt and long pants and shoes plus socks. Early entry to treated areas that is permitted
under the Worker Protection Standard requires the wearing of coveralls, rubber or other chemical resistant, waterproof gloves and shoes plus
socks. Remove clothing immediately if pesticide gets inside. Then wash thoroughly and put on clean clothing. Remove personal protective
equipment (PPE) immediately after handling product. Wash the outside of gloves before removing. As soon as possible, wash thoroughly and
change into clean clothing.
EYE PROTECTION: Non-venting chemical safety goggles are recommended if full face-piece respirator is not worn.
Note: Discard clothing and other absorbent materials that have been drenched or heavily contaminated with the concentrate. Do not reuse
them. Follow the manufacturer鈥檚 instructions for cleaning and maintaining Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). If no specific instructions for
decontamination are available, use detergent and hot water. Keep and wash (launder) PPE separately from other laundry. Wash PPE after each
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SECTION 9: PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
BOILING POINT (@760 mmHg): Not applicable FREEZING POINT @ 760 mmHG): Not applicable
VAPOR PRESSURE (@ 20 c mm Hg): Not applicable SPECIFIC GRAVITY (H20=1): 0.6 kg/l
VISCOSITY: Not applicable VAPOR DENSITY (Air=1): Not applicable
EVAPORATION RATE: Not applicable SOLUBILITY IN WATER: Dispersable
COEFFICIENT of WATER/OIL: 1.73 pH: Not available
APPEARANCE AND ODOR: Slightly brown granules with a carmel odor.
SECTION 10 STABILITY and REACTIVITY
CONDITIONS TO AVOID: Excessive heat.
INCOMPATIBILITY: Acids, oxidizers, copper.
HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS: Decomposed by excessive heat and acids. Heating to decomposition generates carbon disulfide
and oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulfur. Acid decomposition may evolve carbon disulfide and hydrogen sulfide.
HAZARDOUS POLYMERIZATION: Will not occur.
SECTION 11: TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
EYE CONTACT: May cause irritation based on a study in rabbits.
SKIN CONTACT: May cause irritation and possibly sensitization. Animal studies indicate that this product is a moderate sensitizer. Limited
toxicity by skin absorption based on a proprietary study Dermal LD50 (rat) - > 2 g/kg.
INHALATION: Dust may cause mucous membrane and respiratory irritation with coughing, choking and labored breathing.
INGESTION: May cause systemic poisoning with symptoms of weakness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, confusion, dizziness, delirium, tremor,
hallucinations, ataxia, ascending paralysis, hypothermia and peripheral neuropathy (pain, numbness and weakness of the extremities).
Respiratory paralysis and death may occur.
OTHER TOXIC EFFECTS: An antabuse-like reaction with flushing, sweating, headache, weakness and hypotension may occur when ethyl
alcohol (alcoholic beverages) is ingested following exposure to this material.
CHRONIC EFFECTS of OVEREXPOSURE: Thiram has been found to be mutagenic in some test systems and to cause adverse reproductive
effects in laboratory animals.
MEDICAL CONDITIONS AGGRAVATED BY EXPOSURE: Individuals with chronic respiratory and skin diseases may be at increased risk from
exposure to this material.
Thiram 2.4 g/kg oral rat * 4.42 mg/L/4 hr rat *
>5 gm/kg dermal rat
>2 gm/kg dermal rabbit *
* UCB Proprietary Study
This product is not listed as a carcinogen or suspect carcinogen by NTP, IARC or OSHA.
This material may cause skin sensitization.
Thiram is mutagenic in some test systems.
Thiram has been found to cause adverse reproductive effects and teratogenic effects in laboratory animals.
SECTION 12: ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
Ecotoxicity Values for Thiram: LC50 Salmo (trout) 0.13 mg/L
LC50 Xenopus Laevis (amphibian) stage 47 0.017 ppm/24 hr
LD50 Redwing Blackbird oral >100 mg/kg
SECTION 13: DISPOSAL INFORMATION
WASTE DISPOSAL METHOD: Dispose in accordance with all local, state/provincial and federal regulations.
Pesticide wastes are toxic. Open dumping is prohibited. Improper disposal of excess pesticide, spray mixture or rinsate is a violation of Federal
Law. If these wastes cannot be disposed of by use according to label instructions, contact your State Pesticide or Environmental Control
Agency, or Hazardous Waste Representative at the nearest EPA Regional Office for guidance.
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SECTION 13: DISPOSAL INFORMATION (continued)
Completely empty container into application equipment. Do not reuse empty container. Then dispose of empty container in a sanitary landfill or by
incineration or, if allowed by State and local authorities, by burning. If burned, stay out of smoke.
SECTION 14: TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION
DOT SHIPPING NAME: Environmentally Hazardous Substance, Solid, n.o.s. (Thiram), 9, UN3077, PG lll, RQ
DOT HAZARD CLASSIFICATION: Class 9 (Miscellaneous Hazardous Material)
DOT LABELS REQUIRED (49CFR 172.101): Class 9
UN NUMBER: UN3077
REPORTABLE QUANTITY: 13.3 lbs. (6.0 kg) for product
SECTION 15: REGULATORY INFORMATION
OSHA HAZARD CLASSIFICATION: Irritant, toxic, target organ effect, sensitizer
EPA SARA 311 HAZARD CLASSIFICATION: Acute health, chronic health
SARA TITLE 111 SECTION 313 INFORMATION: The following components are regulated under SARA Title 313
COMPONENT CAS# WT%
Thiram 137-26-8 75
CERCLA HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE (40CFR116): Thiram
REPORTABLE QUANTITY: 10 lbs (4.54 kg). Product RQ = 13.3 lbs. (6.0 kg)
SECTION 15: REGULATORY INFORMATION (continued)
STATE R-T-K COMPOSITION INFORMATION
COMPONENT CAS # WT% PA MA
Thiram 137-26-8 75% Y Y
CALIFORNIA PROPOSITION 65 INFORMATION: This product contains no California Proposition 65 regulated chemicals.
WHMIS CLASSIFICATION: Toxic material causing other toxic effects (Class D-Subdivision 2, Subdivision B)
SECTION 16: OTHER INFORMATION
DISCLAIMER: The information contained herein is accurate to the best of our knowledge. We do not suggest or guarantee that any hazards
listed herein are the only ones which exist. Taminco makes no warranty of any kind, express or implied, concerning the safe use of this
material in your process or in combination with other substances. Effects can be aggravated by other materials and/or this material may
aggravate or add to the effects of other materials. User has the sole responsibility to determine the suitability of the materials for any use and
the manner of use contemplated. User must meet all applicable safety and health standards and regulations.
Approved By: Dated: 02/20/04
Denese A. Deeds, CIH
MSDS updated on 02/20/04 Revised Header, Section 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 13.
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