ELECTRONIC SPACE PRODUCTS INTERNATIONAL
1050 Benson Way, Ashland, OR 97520
Toll Free (800) 638-2581 * Fax (541) 488-8313
MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
I PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
Bism uth Bi
Trade Name: Form ula:
7440-6 9-9 Metal
CAS: Ch em ical Fam ily:
II HAZAR DOUS INGRED IENTS
Haz ardous C omp onents % OSHA/PEL ACGIH/TLV Sec. 302 Sec. 304 Sec. 313
Bism uth 100 N/E N/E No No No
HM IS Ratings: Hea lth: 3 Flam mab ility: 3 Reactivity: 0 Pro tectiv e Eq uip: H: glasses, gloves, clothing, combo resp.
III PHYSICAL DATA
1420 oC 271.3 oC
Boiling Point: Melting Point:
9.80 g/cc N/A
Specific Gravity Vapo r Density:
1 mm at 1020 oC
Solubility in H 2O: Vapor Pressure:
N/E or N /A N/A
% Vo latile: Evap oration R ate:
Gray, soft, bright metallic luster powder an d pieces, no odor.
Appearance and Odor:
IV FIRE AND EXPLOSION H AZARDS DATA
Flash Point: N/E or N /A Method U sed: Flam ma ble
Explosive Lim its: Lower: N/E Upper: N/E
Extingu ishing Media: Use class D or oth er suitable m etal extingu ishing agen t.
Special Firefighting Procedures: Firefighters m ust w ear fu ll face, self-con tained breathing apparatus and full pro tective clothing to
prevent contact with skin and eyes. Fumes from fire are hazardous. Isolate runoff to prevent environmental pollution.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Flam ma ble w hen exposed to flam e. M ay react w ith acid or acid fum es to em it toxic fu me s.
May react with [Bi(OH) 3 + Al(OH)3 coprecipitated, an d hy drogen to pro duc e a spontaneo usly flamma ble product. Su perficially
oxidized by air.
V HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION
Effects of Exposure:
Bismuth and its salts can cause kidney damage, although the degree of such damage is usually mild. Large doses can be
fatal. Industrially it is considered one of the less toxic of the heavy metals. Serious and sometimes fatal poisoning may occur from
the injection of larg e doses into closed cavities and from exten sive ap plication to b urns. It is stated that the adm inistration of bism uth
should be stopped when g ingivitis appears, for otherwise serious ulceration stomatitis is likely to result. Other toxic results may
dev elop, such as a va gue feeling of bo dily d iscom fort, presen ce of albumin or oth er pro tein substan ce in th e urin e, diarrhea, skin
reactions and sometimes serious exodermatitis. (Sax, Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, eighth edition)
Acute E ffects:
Inhalation: POISO N. M ay be a nuisanc e dust cau sing respiratory irritation. Ma y cause foul brea th, metallic taste and gingivitis.
Ingestion: POISON. May cause malaise, albuminuria, diarrhea, skin reactions, stomatitis, headache, fever, rheumatic pain and a
black line may form on gums in the mouth.
Skin : May cause irritation
Eye: May cause irritation
Chro nic Effects:
Inhalation: May affect the fun ction of the liver and the kidney s.
Ingestion: May affect the function of the liver and kidneys. May cause anemia, black line may form on gums and ulcerative
Skin : May cause dermatitis.
Eye: No chronic health effects recorded.
Target Organs: May affect the kidneys and liver.
Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure: Pre-existing skin and re spiratory d isorders.
Routes of Entry: Inhalation, Skin, and Ingestion
Carcino genicity: None NTP?: No IAR C M onograp hs?: No OSHA Regulated?: No
EMERG ENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES:
INHALATION: Remove to fresh air. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Seek medical attention.
INGESTION: Admin ister 1-2 glasses of m ilk or w ater an d ind uce vom iting. Se ek m edica l attention. Never give anything by m outh
or induce vomiting in an unconscious person.
SK IN: Brush m aterial off skin and wash are a with soap and w ater. Seek m edica l attention if sym ptom s persist.
EYE: Flush eyes with lukewarm water for at least 15 min ute. Se ek m edica l attention if sym ptom s persist.
VI REACTIVITY DATA
Co nditio ns to avo id: Heat, flam e, incom patible m aterials.
Incompatibilities: Aluminum , BrF 3, acids, NOF, NH 4NO 3, HC1O 3, Cl2, IF 5, HNO 3, HC lO 4, oxidan ts.
Haz ardous D ecomposition Produc ts: Bismuth, oxides of bismuth and hydrogen.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur
VII SPILL OR LEAK PROC EDURES
Steps to be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled: We ar appropriate respira tory and protective equipm ent specified in
section VIII. Isolate spill, insure proper ventilation and extinguish sources of ignition. Vacuum up spill using a high efficiency
particulate absolute (HEPA) air filter and place in a container for proper disposal. Take care not to raise dust. Use non-sparking
Waste Disposal Method: Dispose o f in accord ance w ith applicable Federa l, State and L ocal regu lations.
VIII SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
Respiratory Protection (Specify Type): Wear a NIO SH-app roved du st-mist-fume cartridge respirator.
Ventilation: Use local exhaust to maintain concentration at low exposure levels. Handle powders in a controlled, enclosed
environment. General exhaust is not recommended.
Protective Gloves: Rubber gloves
Eye Protection: Safety Glasses
Other Protective Equipment: Protective gear suitable to prevent contamination.
IX SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage: Store in tightly closed containers in a cool, dry place. Store away from
incom patible m aterials. Wash hand s and face thorou ghly after h andling and b efore m eals.
Wo rk Practices: Imp lem ent en gineering and wo rk practice controls to re duc e and ma intain c onc entration o f exp osure at low levels.
Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating or
smok ing. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with comp ressed air.
TSCA: Listed in the EPA TSCA Inventory
The abo ve inform ation is believ ed to be co rrect, but do es no t purp ort to b e all inclu sive an d sha ll be used only as a gu ide.
ESPI shall not be held liab le for any d am age resulting from h and ling o r from contact with the abov e pro duc t.
Issued by: S. Dierks
Date: January 2003