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File Name: espi-metals_com---gadolinium.asp
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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET


I PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

Gadolinium Gd
Trade Name: Form ula:
Lanthanides 7440-5 4-2
Ch em ical Fam ily: CAS #:


II HAZAR DOUS INGRED IENTS

Haz ardous C omp onents % OSHA/PEL ACGIH/TLV
Gadolinium 0-100 N/E N/E
15 m g/m 3 (dust), 5 m g/m 3 (resp) 10 m g/m 3 total dust
Particulates not otherwise regulated 0-100

SARA Title III Hazard Classification: Fire and Reactive Hazard
Sec. 302: No Sec. 304: No Sec. 313: No


III PHYSICAL DATA

3266 oC 1313 oC
Boiling Point: Melting Point:
N/A N/A
Vapo r Density: Vapor Pressure:
7.9 gm/cc Insoluble
Specific Gravity: Solubility in H 2O:
Silver solid, no odor 0
Appearance and Odor: % Vo latile:


IV FIRE AND EXPLOSION H AZARDS DATA

Flash Point: N/A N/A
Autoignition Temperature:
Flam mab le Limits: Upper: N/A Lower: N/A

Extingu ishing Media: Dry chemical, Class D Extinguisher. DO NOT USE WATER
Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Wear a NIOSH/MSHA approved self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing.

Unusual Fire & Explosion Hazards: Avoid creating fine dusts, beca use as a po wder, this produ ct is capable o f creating a d ust
explosion.


V HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Effects of Exposure:

Acute E ffects:

Inhalation: May be harm ful if inhaled. G ood industrial hyg iene prac tice suggests limiting exposure to all respirable particulates.
Ingestion: Evidence suggests low oral toxicity potential due to poor absorption by the oral route.
Skin : Evidence suggests low toxicity potential due to poor skin absorption. May cause skin irritation.
Eye: May cause eye irritation.

Other: Has anticoagulant effect when given intravenously.
Chro nic Effects: No data found.
Medical Conditions possibly aggravated by Overexposure: No data found.
Carcino genicity: NTP: No IARC: No OSHA: No AC GIH : No

EMERG ENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES:

INHALATION: Rem ove from area o f exp osure. If no t breathing , give artificial respiration. If breathin g is difficult, giv e oxyge n.
GET IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION.
INGESTION: If swallowed and victim is fully conscious, induce vomiting imm ediately by giving two glasses of water and sticking
finger down throat. GET IMMEDIATE MEDICAL ATTENTION.
SK IN: In case of contact, immediately wash with soap and plenty of water for at least 5 minutes. Remove contaminated clothing and
shoes. Thoro ugh ly clean co ntam inated clothing and shoes before reu se. Get m edical attention if irritation develops or persists.
EYE: In case of contact, immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes using an eyewash fountain. Lift upper
and low er lids and rinse well under them . Get m edical attention if irritation develops of persists.

NOTE TO PHYSICIAN: All treatments should be based on observed signs and symptoms of distress in the patient. Consideration
should be given to the possibility that overexposure to materials other than this product may have occurred.


VI REACTIVITY DATA

Stability: Stable

Co nditio ns to Av oid: Avoid creating dusts. Air and moisture sensitive.
Incompatibility (Material to Avoid): Strong ac ids, strong oxidizing m aterials, and halo gens.

Haz ardous D ecomposition Produc ts: The nature of decomposition products is not known.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.


VII SPILL OR LEAK PROC EDURES

Steps to Be Taken in Case Material Is Released or Spilled: Elim inate all sourc es of ig nition. Eva cuate area. We ar appropriate
protective g ear. Sweep solid into appro priate con tainer. Do not use "sh op" v acuum as this may cause a fire. V entilate area. W ash
spill area after material pickup is complete.

Waste Disposal Method: Dispose o f in accord ance w ith Loca l, State and Federal regu lations.


VIII SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION

Respiratory Protection: In dusting conditions, use a NIOSH/MSHA approved dust mask.
Ventilation: Provide adequ ate ventilation. U se local exh aust as need ed to m aintain airborne exposure below control lim its.

Protective Clothing: Work clothing and gloves
Eye Protection: Safety glasses with side shields, Chemical Wo rkers Dust-Proof Go ggles (under dusting con ditions).

Other protective equipment: Ma intain a sink, safety sh ow er and eyewash fo untain in the work area. H ave oxy gen readily
available.


IX SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage: Store in cool dry place, in tightly sealed containers. Air and mo isture sensitive.
Store away from oxidizers and other materials listed under incompatibility. STORE UNDER ARGO N OR OTHER INERT
ENV IRONM ENT . Avoid direct or prolonged contact with skin and eyes. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Do not rub eyes
with soiled hands. Do not eat, drink or smoke in the work area. Avoid creating dusts as this product, like most materials in powder
form, is capable of creating a dust explosion.


-Gadolinium 2-
TSCA Inventory Status: Product is TSCA certified.
Transportation Status: POWDER A ND TH IN FOIL: Flammable solid, n.o.s. (gadolinium metal), UN 1325.

WAR NING STATEMENTS : Flammable Solid When a Powder or Thin Foil. All Forms Will React With Dilute Acids Emitting
Flam mable/Explosive H ydro gen G as.


The abo ve inform ation is believ ed to be co rrect, but do es no t purp ort to b e all inclu sive an d sha ll be used only as a gu ide.
ESPI shall not be held liab le for any d am age resulting from h and ling o r from contact with the abov e pro duc t.


Issued by: S. Dierks
Date: April 1999




-Gadolinium 3-

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