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File Name: espi-metals_com---bismuthchloride.asp
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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET


I PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION

Bismuth Chloride BiCl3
Trade Name: Form ula:
7787-6 0-2
CAS #:


II HAZAR DOUS INGRED IENTS

Haz ardous C omp onents % OSHA/PEL ACGIH/TLV
Bismuth Chloride 0-100 N/E N/E


III PHYSICAL DATA

447 oC 227 oC
Boiling Point: Melting Point:
N/E or N /A 4.56 g/cc
Sublimation Temp: Specific Gravity:
Reacts N/E or N /A
Solubility in H 2O: Vapor Pressure:
Yellowish crystalline powder, acidic odor. N/E or N /A
Appearance and Odor: % Vo latile:


IV FIRE AND EXPLOSION H AZARDS DATA

Flash Point: N/E or N /A Autoignition Temperature: N/A
Explosive Lim its: Lower: N/A Upper: N/A

Extingu ishing Media: Do not use water. Use suitable extinguishing media for surrounding materials and type of fire.
Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Firefighters must wear full-face, self-contained breathing apparatus with full protective clothing
to prevent contact with skin and eyes. Fumes from fire are hazardous. Isolate runoff to prevent environmental pollution.

Unusual Fire & Explosion Hazard: Bismuth chloride may emit toxic fumes of hydrogen chloride if involved in a fire.


V HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

Effects of Exposure:

To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological properties of bismuth chloride have not been
thoroughly investigated and reported.

Bismuth and bismuth compounds are often poorly absorbed. Should absorption occur, however, exposure may cause loss of
appetite, headache, skin rash, exodermatitis, kidney injury and jaundice. Repeated or prolonged exposure may cause a bismuth line or
black spots on the gums, foul breath and salivation.

The chloride ion generally has a very low toxicity.
Acute an d Chro nic Effects:

Inhalation: May result in inflamm ation, edema, and chemical pneumonitis. May cause coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of
breath, headache, nausea and vomiting.
Ingestion: Swallowing will lead to a strong corrosive effect on mouth and throat and to the danger of perforation of esophagus and
stomach.
Skin : May cause skin burns or irritation depending on the severity of the exposure.
Eye: Strong co rrosive effec t. May result in perm anent dam age an d com plete vision loss.

Carcino genicity: No classification data available from EPA, IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH.

EMERG ENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES:

INHALATION: Remove to fresh air; keep warm and quiet, give oxygen if breathing is difficult, seek imm ediate medical attention.
INGESTION: Do not induce vomiting. Give plenty of fluids and seek immediate medical attention.
SK IN: Remove any contaminated clothing, immediately wash with soap and water, rinse thoroughly. Seek immediate medical advice.
EYE: Flush with copious amounts of water for 15 minutes, seek medical attention.


VI REACTIVITY DATA

Stability: Stable

Co nditio ns to Av oid: Water/moisture. Reacts with water forming hydrochloric acid.
Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid): No data

Haz ardous D ecomposition Produc ts: Hydrogen chloride
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.


VII SPILL OR LEAK PROC EDURES

Steps to Be Taken in Case Material Is Released or Spilled: Keep unprotected persons away. Wear appropriate respiratory and
protective equipment specified below. Isolate spill and provide adequate ventilation. Use a neutralizing agent. Sweep or scoop up
and place in a closed container fo r proper d isposal. Tak e care not to raise dust.

Waste Disposal Method: In accord ance w ith Loca l, State and Federal W aste Dispo sal Regu lations.


VIII SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION

Respiratory Protection (Specify Type): NIOSH approved dust-fume-m ist cartridge respirator.
Ventilation: Use local exhaust to maintain concentration at low exposure levels. General exhaust is not recommended.

Protective Gloves: Impervious gloves
Eye Protection: Safety glasses

Other Protective Equipment: Protective gear suitable to prevent contamination.


IX SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS

Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage: Protect from w ater/moisture. Store in a cool, dry area. Store in tightly sealed
container. Wash thoroughly after handling.

Wo rk Practices: Imp lem ent en gineering and wo rk practice controls to re duc e and ma intain c onc entration o f exp osure at low levels.
Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating or
smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air. Maintain eyewash capable of sustained flushing, safety drench

-Bismuth Chloride 2-
shower and facilities for washing.

The abo ve inform ation is believ ed to be co rrect, but do es no t purp ort to b e all inclu sive an d sha ll be used only as a gu ide.
ESPI shall not be held liab le for any d am age resulting from h and ling o r from contact with the abov e pro duc t.


Issued by: S. Dierks
Date: August, 2002




-Bismuth Chloride 3-

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