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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
I PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
Bismuth Bromide BiBr3
Trade Name: Form ula:
7787-5 8-8 Metal halide
CAS #: Ch em ical Fam ily:
Bismuth Tribromide 448.69
Synonyms: Molecular Weight:
II HAZAR DOUS INGRED IENTS
Haz ardous C omp onents % OSHA/PEL ACGIH/TLV Sec. 302 Sec. 304 Sec. 313
Bismuth Bromide 0-100 N/E N/E No No No
HM IS Ratings: Hea lth: 4 Flam mab ility: 0 Reactivity: 2 Protective Equipment: J: goggles, gloves, apron, respirator
III PHYSICAL DATA
453 oC 218 oC
Boiling Point ( oC): Melting Point:
5.72 gm/cc N/E
Specific Gravity: Vapor Pressure:
Decom poses N/E or N /A
Solubility in H 2O: % V olatiles:
Yellow, crystalline, deliquescent pow der with a hydro gen brom ide odor.
Appearance and Odor:
IV FIRE AND EXPLOSION H AZARDS DATA
Flash Point: N/E or N /A Method U sed: Non-flam ma ble
Extingu ishing Media: Use suitable extinguishing media for surrounding materials and type of fire.
Special Fire Fighting Procedures: We ar a self-con tained breathing apparatus and full pro tective clothing to prev ent co ntact w ith
skin and eyes.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: When strongly heated, bismuth brom ide may emit highly toxic fumes of bromine.
V HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION
Effects of Exposure:
To the best of our knowledge, the chemical, physical and toxicological properties of bismuth bromide have not been
thoroughly investigated and reported.
Bismuth and its salts can cause kidney damage, although the degree of such damage is usually mild. Large doses can be
fatal. Industrially it is considered one of the less toxic heavy metals. Serious and sometimes fatal poisoning may occur from the
injectio n of large dose s into closed cavities and from exten sive ap plication to b urns. It is stated that the adm inistration of bism uth
should be stopped when g ingivitis appears, for otherwise serious ulceration stomatitis is likely to result. Other toxic results may
dev elop, such as a va gue feeling of bo dily d iscom fort, presen ce of albumin or oth er pro tein substan ce in th e urin e, diarrhea, skin
reactions and sometim es serious exoderma titis (Sax, Dangero us Properties of Industrial Materials, eighth edition).
The inorganic bromides produce depression, emaciation, and, in severe cases, psychosis and mental deterioration. Bromide
rashes (bromoderma), especially of the face and resembling acne and furunculosis, often occur when bromide inhalation or
adm inistration is prolonged (Sax, Dan gerous Prope rties of Industrial Materials, eighth edition).
Acute E ffects:
Inhalation: SEVERE IRRITANT AN D CORRO SIVE. May cause sneezing, coughing, difficulty breathing, irritation of the mucous
membranes, depression, emaciation, altered respiratory rates, convulsions and in severe cases, psychosis and mental deterioration.
Ingestion: SEV ERE IRRIT AN T A ND CO RRO SIVE. M ay cau se abdo minal pain, irritability, confusion , tremors, m emory loss,
slurred speech, anorexia, malaise, albuminuria, diarrhea, skin reactions, stomatitis, headache, fever, rheumatic pain, a black line on the
gums in the mouth.
Skin : SEV ERE IRRIT AN T A ND CO RRO SIVE. M ay cau se irritation, skin lesions, acne -form eruption s and m easle-like erup tions.
Eye: SEVERE IRRITANT AND CORROSIVE.
Chro nic Effects:
Inhalation: Chronic exposure to bromine is similar to the therapeutic ingestion of excessive bromides. Prolonged inhalation may
cause p ulmonary edem a, bronchitis and skin eruption s.
Ingestion: Large doses may cause central nervous system depression, anemia, a black line on gums, ulcerative stomatitis and may
affect the fun ction of the liver and k idneys.
Skin : Prolong ed con tact with m oist skin m ay pro duce severe irritation or chem ical burns.
Eye: May cause permanent eye injuries.
Routes of Entry: Inhalation, S kin, E yes and Inge stion.
Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure: Pre-existing resp iratory and skin disord ers.
Carcino genicity: NTP?: No IAR C M onograp hs?: No OSHA Regulated?: No
EMERG ENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES:
INHALATION: Remove victim to fresh air; keep warm and quiet; give oxygen if breathing is difficult and seek medical attention
INGESTION: Give 1-2 glasses of milk or water, DO NOT induce vomiting; seek medical attention immediately.
SK IN: Remove contaminated clothing; brush material off skin; wash affected area with mild soap and water; seek medical attention
EYE: Flush eyes with lukewarm water, lifting upper and lower eyelids for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention immediately.
V REACTIVITY DATA
Co nditio ns to Av oid: None
Inco mp atibility - Material to A void : Water, acids, oxidizing agents, sodium and potassium.
Haz ardous D ecomposition Produc ts: Fumes of bromine
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur
VII SPILL OR LEAK PROC EDURES
Steps to Be Taken in Case Material Is Released or Spilled: We ar self-contained breathing apparatus and full pro tective clothing.
Isolate the are a where the spill occu rred and insure pro per v entilation is available. Vacuum up sp ill using a high efficiency unit
(HE PA ) and place in a co ntainer for proper d isposal. Tak e care not to raise dust.
Waste Disposal Method: Dispose o f in accord ance w ith applicable Federa l, State and L ocal regu lations.
-Bismuth Bromide 2-
VIII SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
Respiratory Protection (Specify Type): Wear a NIO SH-app roved du st-mist-fume cartridge respirator.
Ventilation: Han dle in a con trolled atmosphere. Han dle in an inert gas such as argon. U se loca l exhaust to ma intain a deq uate
ventilation. General exhaust is not recommended.
Protective Gloves: Neoprene
Eye Protection: Safety Glasses
Other Protective Equipment: Wear protective clothing to p revent contam ination of sk in and c lothes.
IX SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage: Bismuth bromide decomposes in water and moisture. Handle and store in a
controlled environment and inert gas such as argon.
Wo rk Practices: Imp lem ent en gineering and wo rk practice controls to re duc e and ma intain c onc entration o f exp osure at low levels.
Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating and
smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air. Maintain eyewash capable of sustained flushing, safety drench
shower and facilities for washing.
Hazard Label Information: Wash thoroughly after handling, store in cool, dry area, use only with adequate ventilation.
Some of the chemicals listed herein are research or experimental substances which may be toxic, as defined by various
governmental regulations. In accordance with Environmental Protection Agency regulations and the Toxic Substance Control Act
(TSCA), these materials should only be handled by, or under the direct supervision of, "a technically qualified individual", as defined
in 40 CFR 710.2(aa).
The above information is accurate to the best of our knowledge. However, since data, safety standards, and government
regulations are subject to change, and the conditions of handling and use or misuse are beyond our control, ESPI makes no warranty,
either expressed or implied, with respect to the completeness or continuing accuracy of the information contained herein, and
disclaims all liability for reliance thereon. Users should satisfy themselves that they have all current data relevant to their particular
Prepared by: S. Dierks
Dated: September 2002
-Bismuth Bromide 3-