ELECTRONIC SPACE PRODUCTS INTERNATIONAL
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MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
I PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
Europium Chloride Metal halide
Trade Name: Ch em ical Fam ily:
Europium trichloride EuCl3 xH 2O
Synonyms: Form ula:
II HAZAR DOUS INGRED IENTS
Haz ardous C omp onents % OSHA/PEL ACGIH/TLV Sec. 302 Sec. 304 Sec. 313
Europium Chloride 0-100 N/E N/E No No No
HM IS Ratings: Hea lth: 2 Flam mab ility: 0 Reactivity: 0
HM IS Protective Equipment: E: glasses, gloves, dust respirator.
III PHYSICAL DATA
4.89 gm/cc at 20 oC
Boiling Point: Specific Gravity:
850 oC N/A
Melting Point: Vapor Pressure:
N/A Solu ble
Vapo r Density: Solubility in H 2O:
White to yellow pow der and pieces. N/E or N /A
Appearance and Odor: % Vo latile:
IV FIRE AND EXPLOSION H AZARD DA TA
Flash Point: N/E or N /A Method U sed: Non-flam ma ble
Explosive Lim its: Lower: N/A Upper: N/A
Extingu ishing Media: Use suitable extinguishing media for surrounding materials and type of fire.
Special Firefighting Procedures: Firefighters m ust w ear fu ll face, self-con tained breathing apparatus with full pro tective clothing to
prevent contact with skin and eyes. Fumes from fire are hazardous. Isolate runoff to prevent environmental pollution.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazard: When heated to decomposition, europium chloride may emit toxic fumes of chlorine.
V HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION
Effects of Exposure:
To the best of our knowledge the chemical, physical and toxicological properties of europium chloride have not been
thoroughly investigated and recorded.
Europium is considered a rare earth metal. These metals are moderately to highly toxic. The symptoms of toxicity of the
rare earth elements include writhing , ataxia, labored re spiration, walking on the toe s with arched back and sedation. T he rare earth
elem ents ex hibit low toxicity b y ing estion exposure. How ever, the intraperitone al rou te is high ly tox ic wh ile the su bcu taneo us route
is poiso n to m ode rately toxic. The produc tion o f skin and lung gran ulom as after exposure to them requ ires extensive pro tection to
prevent such exposure. (Sax, Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, eighth edition)
Acute E ffects:
Inhalation: May cause irritation to the respiratory tract and mucous membrane. Dusts may cause asthma attacks and lung damage
such as lung granulomas. Large doses may cause immediate defecation, writhing, loss of muscle coordination, labored respiration,
sedation, hypotension and cardiovascular failure.
Ingestion: Moderately toxic by ingestion. May cause gastrointestinal irritation.
Skin : May cause irritation, rashes, and skin granu lomas.
Eye: May cause irritation.
Chro nic Effects:
Inhalation: Prolonged or repeated inhalation may cause writhing, loss of muscle coordination, labored respiration, sedation,
hypotension and cardiovascular failure.
Ingestion: May affect the coagulation rate of the blood.
Skin : May cause dermatitis, sensitivity to heat, itching and skin lesions.
Eye: No chronic health effects recorded.
Routes of Entry: Inhalation, ing estion, skin, eye s.
Target Organs: May affect the respiratory system, blood and skin.
Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure: Pre-existing resp iratory disord ers.
Carcino genicity: NTP: No IARC: No OSHA: No
EMERG ENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES:
INHALATION: Remove victim to fresh air, keep warm and quiet, give oxygen if breathing is difficult and seek medical attention.
INGESTION: Give 1-2 glasses of milk or water and induce vomiting, seek medical attention. Never induce vomiting or give
anything by mouth to an unconscious person
SK IN: Remove contaminated clothing, brush material off skin, wash affected area with mild soap and water, seek medical attention
if irritation persists.
EYE: Flush eyes with lukewarm water, lifting upper and lower eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if irritation
VI REACTIVITY DATA
Co nditio ns to Av oid: Water/moisture. Hygroscopic.
Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid): Strong ac ids, strong oxidizing a gents an d strong bases.
Haz ardous D ecomposition Produc ts: Fum es of hy drog en chlo ride gas.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
VII SPILL OR LEAK PROC EDURES:
Steps to Be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled: We ar appropriate respira tory and protective equipm ent specified in
section VIII. Isolate spill area, provide ventilation and extinguish sources of ignition. Vacuum up spill using a high efficiency
particulate absolute (HEPA) air filter and place in a closed container for proper disposal. Take care not to raise dust. Use non-
Waste Disposal Method: Dispose o f in accord ance w ith State, Federal and L ocal regu lations.
VIII SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
-Europium Chloride 2-
Respiratory Protection: NIOSH approved dust respirator.
Ventilation: Use local exhaust to maintain concentration at or below the PEL, TLV. Mechanical (general) exhaust is recommended.
Protective Gloves: Rubber gloves
Eye Protection: Safety glasses
Other Protective Clothing or Equipment: Protective gear suitable to prevent contamination.
IX SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage: Store in cool, dry area. Store in tightly sealed container. Wa sh tho roughly
Other Precautions: Hygroscopic. Protect from water/moisture.
Wo rk Practices: Implement engineering and work practice controls to reduce and maintain concentration at low levels. Use good
housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly before eating or smoking. Do not
blow du st off clothing or skin with com pressed air.
The abo ve inform ation is believ ed to be co rrect, but do es no t purp ort to b e all inclu sive an d sha ll be used only as a gu ide.
ESPI shall not be held liab le for any d am age resulting from h and ling o r from contact with the abov e pro duc t.
Issued by: S. Dierks
Date: December 2001
-Europium Chloride 3-